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Last updated: 17 October 2017
Datum:dinsdag 12 januari 1999
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fokker F-27 Friendship 600
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Channel Express
Registratie: G-CHNL
Constructienummer: 10508
Bouwjaar: 1975-02-24 (23 years 11 months)
Motoren: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 2
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 0
Totaal:slachtoffers: 2 / inzittenden: 2
Schade: Afgeschreven
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands (GCI) (   Verenigd Koninkrijk)
Fase: Nadering (APR)
Soort vlucht:Vracht
Vliegveld van vertrek:London-Luton Airport (LTN/EGGW), Verenigd Koninkrijk
Vliegveld van aankomst:Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands (GCI/EGJB), Verenigd Koninkrijk
The Fokker F-27 was operating on a cargo flight to Guernsey, carrying newspapers. The aircraft departed Luton at 16:14. and climbed to cruising altitude FL150 / 160). The descent was begun at about 60 miles from Guernsey Airport and the aircraft was vectored onto final approach by Jersey Radar. The approach checklist was actioned and the flaps were lowered to 16° just before the aircraft was turned to intercept the ILS localizer. With less than six miles to run to the threshold the commander told the first officer that he could see the runway and was content to continue the approach visually. The first officer informed ATC that they wished to continue the approach visually; they were given the appropriate clearance and control of the aircraft was then handed over to Guernsey Tower. Initially the aerodrome controller cleared the aircraft to continue the approach (there was departing traffic on the runway) and the commander called for flaps to 26° followed by the landing checklist. About one minute later the commander said "three whites" (meaning that he was aware that the aircraft was slightly high on the glide path indicated by the precision approach path indicator lights) which the first officer acknowledged. The commander then said "ok the decision is to land, speed below one four four, flaps forty". The first officer acknowledged the instruction to select flaps to 40° and announced "running". There followed a pause of about five seconds before the first officer said, "flaps fourty gear and clearance you have - oops". The commander then said, in an anxious tone of voice "ok flaps twenty six" and the engines could be heard accelerating on the cockpit voice recording. There then followed a number of expletives from the commander interspersed with some loud clicks as controls or switches were operated and the sound of a warning horn which stopped before the end of the recording. On approach the aircraft had lost control, attaining a nose-high attitude. The plane stalled, clipped a house on Forest Road with its left wing and ploughed into a field short of the runway.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The investigation identified the following causal factors: (i) The aircraft was operated outside the load and balance limitations; (ii) Loading distribution errors went undetected because the load sheet signatories did not reconcile the cargo distribution in the aircraft with the load and balance sheet.; (iii) The crew received insufficient formal training in load management."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AAIB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 2 months
Accident number: AAIB AAR 2/2000
Download report: Final report

» SKYbrary 

Seven safety recommendations were issued;

- 4 to the Channel Express company a.o. to modify operating procedures regarding loading of cargo; cargo loading instructions; personnel training; and to review the quality system to meet JAR-OPS requirements.

- 1 to the Airside Safety Management Working Group to encourage handling agents to ask for written loading instructions when loading cargo on to unfamiliar aircraft types;

- 1 to the CAA to require certain aircraft to be modified to enable the recording of pitch attitude, roll attitude and engine thrust;

- 1 to the CAA and JAA to review the appropriate Joint Aviation Requirements (JAR) with a view to requiring that pitch attitude, roll attitude and engine thrust is recorded on all aircraft which carry an FDR.

AAIB issued 7 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations


photo of Fokker F-27 Friendship 600 OY-SRZ
OY-SRZ was bought by Channel Express in March 1995.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen London-Luton Airport en Guernsey Airport, Channel Islands bedraagt 311 km (195 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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