Accident description
Last updated: 18 September 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 13 January 2000
Time:14:38
Type:Shorts 360-300
Operating for:Sirte Oil Company
Leased from:Avisto
Registration: HB-AAM
C/n / msn: SH.3763
First flight: 1990-01-06 (10 years )
Total airframe hrs:7138
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67R
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 21 / Occupants: 38
Total:Fatalities: 22 / Occupants: 41
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:5 km (3.1 mls) off Marsa el-Brega (   Libya) show on map
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Tripoli International Airport (TIP/HLLT), Libya
Destination airport:Marsa el-Brega Airport (LMQ/HLMB), Libya
Narrative:
The Shorts 360 plane had been leased to Sirte Oil Co in Libya to transport workers between its headquarters and various oil fields.
The aircraft departed Tripoli at 12:29. En route to Marsa el-Brega the crew noted a fuel imbalance and did a cross feed until fuel was balanced again at 14:17. The descent from FL70 was started at 14:25. Eleven minutes later both engines flamed out. The aircraft was ditched off the Libyan coast in a 10deg nose up attitude. The tail broke off and the wreckage sank inverted to a depth of 38m, about 3 miles from the coast.
According to the Libyan investigation report, the first officer and co-pilot, who both survived, were so busy talking about how to fly the Fokker F-28 aircraft that they failed to switch on the anti-icing system for the engines as weather conditions deteriorated. As the aircraft came in to land, ice that had been allowed to build up melted, flooding the engines and cutting off the power. A device that might have restarted the engines was not switched on. There were no lifejackets on board and many of the dead drowned because they were unaware that their seat cushions doubled as floats.


PROBABLE CAUSES:
- "melting of ice formed at engines intake resulted in ware ingestion and both engine flame out.
- flight crew failed to operate engine anti-icing system.
- flight crew were busy with a discussion not relevant to their flight or the a/c."

Classification:
Icing
All engine powerloss
Ditching

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Büro für Flugunfalluntersuchungen (BFU/BEAA/UIIA/AAIB) - Switzerland
report status: Final
report number: Nr. 1732
download report: Final Report of the Investigation Committee of the Libyan Civil Aviation Authorities concerning the accident of the aircraft Shorts SD3-60, HB-AAM on 13.01.2000 nearby Marsa Brega, Libya (BFU Switz. Nr. 1732)
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Tripoli International Airport to Marsa el-Brega Airport as the crow flies is 655 km (409 miles).

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Shorts 360

  • 8th loss
  • 172 built
  • worst accident (at the time)
  • 2nd worst accident (currently)
safety profile

 Libya
  • 5th worst accident (at the time)
  • 6th worst accident (currently)
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