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Accident
Last updated: 3 August 2015
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 4 juillet 2000
Heure:13:57 UTC
Type/Sous-type:Tupolev 154B-2
Compagnie:Malev Hungarian Airlines
Immatriculation: HA-LCR
Numéro de série: 82A-543
Année de Fabrication: 1982
Heures de vol:22409
Cycles:13583
Moteurs: 3 Kuznetsov NK-8-2U
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 86
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 94
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Thessaloniki International Airport (SKG) (   Grèce)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Budapest-Ferihegy Airport (BUD/LHBP), Hongrie
Aéroport de destination:Thessaloniki International Airport (SKG/LGTS), Grèce
Numéro de vol: 262
Détails:
Because of engine problems on their Boeing 737-300 HA-LES, Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR was used for Malev's regular service to Thessaloniki. Flight MA262 departed Budapest at 12:35 UTC. The en route part of the flight was uneventful.
Approaching Thessaloniki, the flight was cleared for VOR/DME approach to runway 34, followed by a visual circle to land on runway 28. Runway 34 was closed due to construction works.
Because a Boeing 757, flight CFG851, had not cleared the runway yet after landing, the controller instructed MA262 to extend the downwind leg for runway 28.
The flight did not adhere to this instruction and turned towards runway 28, performing an S-shaped manoeuvre to line up with the runway. During the approach the crew had failed to deploy the undercarriage. This was noted by the tower controller, who instructed the flight to go around. A go around was initiated, but the crew was not able to arrest the high descent rate. At 13:57 UTC the underside of the fuselage touched the runway, the airframe and inboard flaps sustaining substantial damage. The airplane became airborne again and entered a holding pattern while debris was removed from the runway. A safe landing was carried out at 14:13 UTC.


Cause of the accident:
Despite repeated instructions of the control tower the crew did not carried out a short turn for landing, resulting in:
- The aircaft was not aligned with the runway in time (unstabilized approach).
- Attention of the cockpit crew was to exclusively dedicated to performing sudden maneuvers at low altitude, in order to alignt the plane with the runway.
- Failure to lower the undercarriage in accordance with the applicable procedures for this flight phase.
Contributing Factors:
- The apparent inactivation of the audible warning when the undercarriage was not deployed.
- Lack of Cockpit Resources Management.

Sources:
» E-mail Ivan Rado, 16-2-2007
» Soviet Transports

Official accident investigation report
cover
investigating agency: AAIASB
report status: Final
report number: Report no 01/2002
duration of investigation:  days ()
download report: Report no 01/2002

Photos

photo of Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR
photo of Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR
photo of Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR
photo of Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR
photo of Tupolev 154B-2 HA-LCR
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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Budapest-Ferihegy Airport et Thessaloniki International Airport est de 818 km (512 miles).

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