Accident
Last updated: 29 August 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 12 juillet 2000
Heure:13:34
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A310 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A310-304
Compagnie:Hapag-Lloyd
Immatriculation: D-AHLB
Numéro de série: 528
Année de Fabrication: 1989-10-25 (10 years 9 months)
Heures de vol:41307
Cycles:13789
Moteurs: 2 General Electric CF6-80C2A2
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 143
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 151
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Wien-Schwechat International Airport (VIE) (   Autriche) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:Chania-Soúda Airport (CHQ/LGSA), Grèce
Aéroport de destination:Hannover Airport (HAJ/EDDV), Allemagne
Numéro de vol:3378
Détails:
Flight 3378 departed Khania, Crete, Greece, at 10:59 for a flight to Hannover. The crew encountered problems fully raising the right hand main landing gear.
It was decided to continue flight with the gear down and to divert to München. During the flight the calculated spare fuel (EFOB) at München decreased on the FMS. The crew now decided to divert to Vienna-Schwechat Airport instead. Approaching Vienna it appeared that there was not enough fuel on board.
At about 12nm short of the runway, at about 4000 feet altitude both engines quit. The crew were able to restart one engine for a short period of time, managing to reach the airport. The aircraft landed in the grass some 500m from the runway 34 threshold. The left main gear broke off and the no. 1 engine and wing sustained substantial damage as the aircraft slid for 600m before coming to rest.


CAUSES:
Continuation of the flight with a landing gear problem until the engines failed due to fuel shortage.

Crew:
- Failure to comply with the company's rules on fuel reserves, caused by several human factors, with extreme work load and stress being the important factor (loss of situational awareness).
- Determination of the fuel reserves using only the FMS, which, due to its characteristics did not take into account the additional fuel consumption.
- Failure to develop alternative strategies to curb the fuel problem.
- Failure to comply with a fuel warning (low fuel level warning) and decision to continue the flight to Vienna International Airport, although the plane was in the immediate vicinity of Zagreb Airport.

Manufacturer:
- Inadequate and misleading documentation (FMS scheme, altitude, terms) for this specific case, particularly in relation to the restriction of FMS.

Aviation companies:
- Inadequate documentation for "abnormal landing gear up indication" of the abnormal checklist.
- Lack of review of the fuel needs by the Operations Division.

Contributing factors:
- Missing or inadequate preventive measures by manufacturers, approving authority and airlines following the previous publications of ICAO and EU DG VII about problems which, with the introduction of aircraft equipped with modern technologies, occurred and had been identified.
- Anthropo-technical construction deficiencies, which favour a misinterpretation of the FMS EFOB display.

Sources:
» APA
» Bulletin Unfälle und schwere Störungen bei dem Betrieb ziviler Luftfahrzeuge - Juli 2000 / Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (BFU)
» Hapag Lloyd

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Unfalluntersuchungsstelle
report status: Final
report number: GZ. 85.007/0001-FUS/2006
report released:21-MAR-2006
duration of investigation:2078 days (5 years 8.4 months)
download report: Flugunfall mit dem Motorflugzeug Type Airbus A310 am 12. Juli 2000 am Flughafen Wien-Schwechat, Niederösterreich (Unfalluntersuchungsstelle GZ. 85.007/0001-FUS/2006)

Photos

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Chania-Soúda Airport et Hannover Airport est de 2186 km (1366 miles).

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