Accident
Last updated: 3 September 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:lundi 14 janvier 2002
Heure:07:28
Type/Sous-type:Embraer 120RT Brasilia
Compagnie:Ibertrans Aérea
Immatriculation: EC-GTJ
Numéro de série: 120024
Année de Fabrication: 1986
Heures de vol:23578
Cycles:29468
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW118
Equipage:victimes: 2 / à bord: 2
Passagers:victimes: 1 / à bord: 1
Total:victimes: 3 / à bord: 3
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:2 km (1.3 milles) SE of Zaldívar (   Espagne) show on map
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Cargo
Aéroport de départ:Madrid-Barajas Airport (MAD/LEMD), Espagne
Aéroport de destination:Bilbao Airport (BIO/LEBB), Espagne
Numéro de vol:1278
Détails:
Flight IBT1278 departed Madrid (MAD) at 06:35 for a flight to Bilbao (BIO), with 2873 kg of cargo on board. The aircraft climbed to its assigned cruising altitude of FL220, which was reached at 06:53. Permission to descend was given at 07:12 and at 07:23 the crew started an ILS approach to runway 30. Two minutes later the captain experienced control problems, which he attributed to an autopilot malfunction. An increase in the rate of descent went unnoticed by the crew who tried to find out the cause of the control problems. As the plane was descending over mountainous terrain, the GPWS alarm sounded three times. The approach controller then asked if the flight was established on the localizer and ILS glidepath. The copilot then replied that they had captured the localizer. Approach Control then instructed the crew to contact Bilbao Tower. Contact was not established however. The copilot noticed that they had not captured the glidepath and informed the captain. The airplane´s speed and rate of descent were reduced and a smooth climb was initiated. Six seconds later the airplane flew into the side of the Monte de Santa Marina, some 18 nm (33 km) from Bilbao Airport. The mountain has an altitude of 675 m (2215 ft).

CAUSAS: "El accidente se produjo por no mantener la aeronave una separación adecuada con el terreno cuando se realizaba la maniobra de aproximación al aeropuerto de destino, como consecuencia de haber focalizado la tripulación su atención en la desconexión del piloto automático . A partir del momento en que surgieron dificultades con los mandos de vuelo, la tripulación no realizó los procedimientos estándar de operación establecidos por el explotador de la aeronave."

Sources:
» Comisión de Investigación de Accidentes e Incidentes de Aviación Civil


Opérations de secours
Four safety recommendations were issued:
REC 35/05: regarding CRM training for Ibertrans crews
REC 36/05: regarding information dissimination within Ibertrans about the limitations and procedures of the Pitch Trim System Check of the Emb-120 autopilot
REC 37/05: to Embraer, recommending to include the "Pitch Trim Check System" procedure in the Normal Procedures section of the Emb-120 flight manual
REC 38/05: to Embraer, recommending to include a reference about the possibility of an autopilot disconnection in certain casers in the Abnormal and Emergency Procedures section of the Emb-120 flight manual

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Madrid-Barajas Airport et Bilbao Airport est de 315 km (197 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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