Accident description
Last updated: 1 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 29 January 2003
Time:ca 18:40
Type:Silhouette image of generic BE99 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft B99
Operator:Bearskin Airlines
Registration: C-GHVI
C/n / msn: U-153
First flight: 1974
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-28
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:3,5 km (2.2 mls) from Pikangikum, ON (   Canada)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Pikangikum Airport, ON (YPM), Canada
Destination airport:Poplar Hill Airport, ON (YHP), Canada
Narrative:
The Beech 99 departed Pikangikum, at 18:38 on a night VFR flight to Poplar Hill. The captain, who was the pilot flying and sitting in the right-hand seat, completed a normal take-off. The flight took off from runway 27, over a lake. About 400 feet above ground level, the captain began a climbing right turn en route. During the turn, she had difficulty seeing the artificial horizon and concentrated on the aircraft's bank angle. The first officer called that the aircraft was in a 2000-feet-per-minute descent and took control. The aircraft struck the frozen surface of the lake, bounced, and became airborne again. The first officer retained control, and the captain attempted to feather the damaged right propeller. The first officer, believing that both propellers had sustained damage, force-landed the aircraft on the lake surface. The aircraft sustained substantial damage.

FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. The captain chose to fly the aircraft from the right seat during a night departure when not current to operate the aircraft from the right seat.
2. The captain did not set the instrument lighting correctly for the night take-off and was unable to use the artificial horizon effectively, resulting in the loss of situational awareness after take-off and the subsequent loss of control of the aircraft.

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Transportation Safety Board (TSB) - Canada
report status: Final
report number: TSB Report A03C0029
download report: Collision with Terrain, Bearskin Lake Air Service, Beech 99 C-GHVI, Pikangikum, Ontario 2 nm NW (TSB Report A03C0029)
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pikangikum Airport, ON to Poplar Hill Airport, ON as the crow flies is 37 km (23 miles).

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