Descripción del Accidente ASN 26 MAY 2003 Yakovlev Yak-42D UR-42352 - Maka
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Fecha:lunes 26 mayo 2003
Tipo:Silhouette image of generic YK42 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Yakovlev Yak-42D
Operador:Ukrainian-Mediterranean Airlines
Registración: UR-42352
Numéro de série: 4520421811395
Año de Construcción: 1988
Horas Totales de la Célula:18739
Motores: 3 Lotarev D-36
Tripulación:Fatalidades: 13 / Ocupantes: 13
Pasajeros:Fatalidades: 62 / Ocupantes: 62
Total:Fatalidades: 75 / Ocupantes: 75
Daños en la Aeronave: Destruido
Consecuencias: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Ubicación:3,5 km (2.2 milles) E of Maka (   Turquía)
Elevación del lugar del accidente: 1402 m (4600 feet) amsl
Fase: Aproximación (APR)
Naturaleza:Vuelo Internacional No Programado
Aeropuerto de Salida:Bishkek-Manas International Airport (FRU/UAFM), Kirguistán
Aeropuerto de Llegada:Trabzon Airport (TZX/LTCG), Turquía
Número de Vuelo:4230
A Yakovlev 42D passenger jet, registered UR-42352, was destroyed in a CFIT accident 3,5 km east of Maka, Turkey. All 62 passengers and thirteen crew members crew members were killed. The airplane operated on a flight from Bishkek-Manas International Airport (FRU) to Trabzon Airport (TZX), carrying 62 Spanish peacekeeping forces from Kabul back to Spain.
The en route part of the flight was uneventful. At 03:35 the aircraft made contact with the Trabzon APP/TWR controller. Since the surface wind was calm at that time, the controller cleared the aircraft for Trabzon runway 11. The crew then switched back to Ankara ACC for descent instructions. The flight was vectored for a descent to the north of the airport, over sea. An updated weather report indicated that runway in use at Trabzon was now runway 29: "Wind at 260 degrees / 06 knots, visibility 10 miles, 2000 ft SCT, BKN 3000 ft, temperature 18 degrees / dew point 17, QNH 1012, runway 29."
At 03:50 the crew contacted Trabzon APP/TWR again, reporting 24 NM from the TBN VOR and descending to FL110. The controller then instructed the flight to cross the VOR at 6000 feet and prepare for a VOR/DME 2 approach to runway 29. At 04:02 the crew reported inbound Trabzon but went outside of the approach track. Three minutes later the crew reported a missed approach. The tower controller proposed "a circling approach to runway 29."
The crew responded with some delay, "We will continue to runway 29 approach." thereby revealing the intention of the crew to follow the VOR-DME to runway 29. After passing the TBN VOR the flight descended over the mountainous area southwest of the airport. The minimum descent altitude in that sector was 11.500 feet.
The airplane crashed into the side of a mountain at an elevation of 4600 ft MSL, 12,4 NM southwest of the Trabzon VOR.

Probable Cause:

Posibles causas: "La Comisin Turca de Investigacin del Accidente determin que el vuelo UKM4230 sufri un tpico accidente CFIT causado por prdida de conciencia de la situacin, incumplimiento de los procedimientos normalizados de acuerdo con el manual de vuelo y las cartas de aproximacin publicadas, la realizacin de una aproximacin falta de precisin, la utilizacin incorrecta de los sistemas de vuelo automticos, una insuficiente formacin (LOFT) y descender por debajo de la altitud mnima de descenso de la zona."


photo of Yakovlev-Yak-42D-UR-42352
photo of Yakovlev-Yak-42D-UR-42352
accident date: 26-05-2003
type: Yakovlev Yak-42D
registration: UR-42352
photo of Yakovlev-Yak-42D-UR-42352
accident date: 26-05-2003
type: Yakovlev Yak-42D
registration: UR-42352

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Bishkek-Manas International Airport to Trabzon Airport as the crow flies is 2834 km (1771 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

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Yakovlev Yak-42

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  • 8th loss
  • 7th accidente fatal
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