Narrative:At 15:23 Cessna Caravan C-FAGA was fueled at Windsor Airport, ON (YQG) in preparation for flight GGN125 to Pelee Island, ON. At 15:55, the aircraft was de-iced and departed ten minutes later. The aircraft landed at 16:20. While on the ramp, two individuals voiced concern to the pilot that there was ice on the wing. Freezing precipitation was falling. The pilot was observed to visually check the leading edge of the wing; however, he did not voice any concern and proceeded with loading the passengers and cargo. At approximately 16:38, flight GGN126 departed Pelee Island for Windsor. After using most of the runway length for take-off, the aircraft climbed out at a very shallow angle. The pilot raised the flaps while over Lake Erie. The Caravan then entered an aerodynamic stall. Because the plane was rolling into a climbing right turn, the left wing stalled first. The nose dropped and the airplane rolled to the left. The airplane was too low for recovery and struck the ice.
|Date:||Saturday 17 January 2004|
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
|C/n / msn:|| 208B-0658|
|First flight:|| 1998|
|Total airframe hrs:||7809|
|Engines:|| 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A|
|Crew:||Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1|
|Passengers:||Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9|
|Total:||Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10 |
|Airplane damage:|| Damaged beyond repair|
|Location:||3 km (1.9 mls) NW off Pelee Island, ON ( Canada)
|Phase:|| En route (ENR)|
|Nature:||Domestic Scheduled Passenger|
|Departure airport:||Pelee Island, ON (CYPT), Canada|
|Destination airport:||Windsor Airport, ON (YQG/CYQG), Canada|
It was determined that the aircraft was overweight by 1270 pounds (576 kg) when it departed Pelee Island. The maximum take-off weight for this flight was 8550 pounds (3878 kg).
FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. At take-off, the weight of the aircraft exceeded the maximum allowable gross take-off weight by at least 15 per cent, and the aircraft was contaminated with ice. Therefore, the aircraft was being flown significantly outside the limitations under which it was certified for safe flight.
2. The aircraft stalled, most likely when the flaps were retracted, at an altitude or under flight conditions that precluded recovery before it struck the ice surface of the lake.
3. On this flight, the pilot's lack of appreciation for the known hazards associated with the overweight condition of the aircraft, ice contamination, and the weather conditions was inconsistent with his previous practices. His decision to take off was likely adversely affected by some combination of stress and fatigue.
» Transport Canada
Follow-up / safety actions
Immediately following the accident, Georgian Express installed an aircraft de-icing machine on Pelee Island. Also, the company now employs a second crew member on all passenger flights.
TSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations
Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pelee Island, ON to Windsor Airport, ON as the crow flies is 59 km (37 miles).