Accident description
Last updated: 31 October 2014
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 17 January 2004
Time:16:38
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Operator:Georgian Express
Registration: C-FAGA
C/n / msn: 208B-0658
First flight: 1998
Total airframe hrs:7809
Engines: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 9 / Occupants: 9
Total:Fatalities: 10 / Occupants: 10
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:3 km (1.9 mls) NW off Pelee Island, ON (   Canada) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Pelee Island, ON (CYPT), Canada
Destination airport:Windsor Airport, ON (YQG/CYQG), Canada
Flightnumber: 126
Narrative:
At 15:23 Cessna Caravan C-FAGA was fueled at Windsor Airport, ON (YQG) in preparation for flight GGN125 to Pelee Island, ON. At 15:55, the aircraft was de-iced and departed ten minutes later. The aircraft landed at 16:20. While on the ramp, two individuals voiced concern to the pilot that there was ice on the wing. Freezing precipitation was falling. The pilot was observed to visually check the leading edge of the wing; however, he did not voice any concern and proceeded with loading the passengers and cargo. At approximately 16:38, flight GGN126 departed Pelee Island for Windsor. After using most of the runway length for take-off, the aircraft climbed out at a very shallow angle. The pilot raised the flaps while over Lake Erie. The Caravan then entered an aerodynamic stall. Because the plane was rolling into a climbing right turn, the left wing stalled first. The nose dropped and the airplane rolled to the left. The airplane was too low for recovery and struck the ice.
It was determined that the aircraft was overweight by 1270 pounds (576 kg) when it departed Pelee Island. The maximum take-off weight for this flight was 8550 pounds (3878 kg).


FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. At take-off, the weight of the aircraft exceeded the maximum allowable gross take-off weight by at least 15 per cent, and the aircraft was contaminated with ice. Therefore, the aircraft was being flown significantly outside the limitations under which it was certified for safe flight.

2. The aircraft stalled, most likely when the flaps were retracted, at an altitude or under flight conditions that precluded recovery before it struck the ice surface of the lake.

3. On this flight, the pilot's lack of appreciation for the known hazards associated with the overweight condition of the aircraft, ice contamination, and the weather conditions was inconsistent with his previous practices. His decision to take off was likely adversely affected by some combination of stress and fatigue.

Classification:
Insufficient rest / fatigue
Overloaded
Icing
Loss of control

Sources:
» TSB
» Transport Canada


Follow-up / safety actions
Immediately following the accident, Georgian Express installed an aircraft de-icing machine on Pelee Island. Also, the company now employs a second crew member on all passenger flights.

TSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pelee Island, ON to Windsor Airport, ON as the crow flies is 59 km (37 miles).

languages: English Français Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

Share
Share