Accident
Last updated: 28 August 2014
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Samstag 17 Januar 2004
Zeit:16:38
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Fluggesellschaft:Georgian Express
Kennzeichen: C-FAGA
Werknummer: 208B-0658
Baujahr: 1998
Betriebsstunden:7809
Triebwerk: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 1 / Insassen: 1
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 9 / Insassen: 9
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 10 / Insassen: 10
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:3 km (1.9 Meilen) NW vom Land entfernt von Pelee Island, ON (   Kanada) show on map
Flugphase: Während des Fluges (ENR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Pelee Island, ON (CYPT), Kanada
Flug nach:Windsor Airport, ON (YQG/CYQG), Kanada
Flugnummer: 126
Unfallbericht:
At 15:23 Cessna Caravan C-FAGA was fueled at Windsor Airport, ON (YQG) in preparation for flight GGN125 to Pelee Island, ON. At 15:55, the aircraft was de-iced and departed ten minutes later. The aircraft landed at 16:20. While on the ramp, two individuals voiced concern to the pilot that there was ice on the wing. Freezing precipitation was falling. The pilot was observed to visually check the leading edge of the wing; however, he did not voice any concern and proceeded with loading the passengers and cargo. At approximately 16:38, flight GGN126 departed Pelee Island for Windsor. After using most of the runway length for take-off, the aircraft climbed out at a very shallow angle. The pilot raised the flaps while over Lake Erie. The Caravan then entered an aerodynamic stall. Because the plane was rolling into a climbing right turn, the left wing stalled first. The nose dropped and the airplane rolled to the left. The airplane was too low for recovery and struck the ice.
It was determined that the aircraft was overweight by 1270 pounds (576 kg) when it departed Pelee Island. The maximum take-off weight for this flight was 8550 pounds (3878 kg).


FINDINGS AS TO CAUSES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS:
1. At take-off, the weight of the aircraft exceeded the maximum allowable gross take-off weight by at least 15 per cent, and the aircraft was contaminated with ice. Therefore, the aircraft was being flown significantly outside the limitations under which it was certified for safe flight.

2. The aircraft stalled, most likely when the flaps were retracted, at an altitude or under flight conditions that precluded recovery before it struck the ice surface of the lake.

3. On this flight, the pilot's lack of appreciation for the known hazards associated with the overweight condition of the aircraft, ice contamination, and the weather conditions was inconsistent with his previous practices. His decision to take off was likely adversely affected by some combination of stress and fatigue.

Informationsquelle:
» TSB
» Transport Canada


Sicherheitsempfehlungen
Immediately following the accident, Georgian Express installed an aircraft de-icing machine on Pelee Island. Also, the company now employs a second crew member on all passenger flights.

TSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Fotos

Add your photo of this accident or aircraft

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pelee Island, ON to Windsor Airport, ON as the crow flies is 59 km (37 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
languages: English Français Nederlands Deutsch Espanol

Share
Share