Accident description
Last updated: 29 August 2014
Status:Final
Date:Monday 24 January 2005
Time:06:01
Type:Silhouette image of generic B742 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-212BSF
Operator:Atlas Air
Registration: N808MC
C/n / msn: 21048/253
First flight: 1975-01-20 (30 years )
Total airframe hrs:92024
Cycles:22782
Engines: 4 General Electric CF6-50E2
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Düsseldorf Airport (DUS) (   Germany) show on map
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Dubai Airport (DXB/OMDB), United Arab Emirates
Destination airport:Düsseldorf Airport (DUS/EDDL), Germany
Flightnumber:8995
Narrative:
The Boeing 747 operated on a cargo flight from Dubai to Düsseldorf on behalf of Emirates. The en route part of the flight was uneventful.
The flight crew established radio contact with Düsseldorf Radar at 05:43. The crew were told that runway 23L was in use.
Two minutes later the radar controller contacted flight 8995: "I just talked to the tower and ah for the time being braking action on all parts of the runway is supposed to be good. They are measuring again right now because it started to snow again and I'll keep you advised." The flight was then cleared to descend to FL80. The flight crew decided to set the autobrakes for landing on Medium, to account for the snow.
At 05:50 the radar controller again contacted the flight about the current weather circumstances: "...latest update on the weather situation ahm the friction tester has reported braking action to be good for the moment however as its continuing to snow they are ah afraid that it might worsen, so they are going to do another friction test right before you land."
In the following minutes the flight was given descent instructions and vectors for an approach to runway 23L.
At 05:54 the controller radioed: "weather update we now have a surface wind of three four zero degrees eleven knots, that's slight tail wind component by two knots. Visibility is down to one thousand five hundred meters, still in snow showers and ah cloud base is now five hundred feet only."
The flight was subsequently cleared for the approach.
At 05:57 the radar controller instructed the crew to contact Düsseldorf Tower. The Tower controller stated: "Good morning,... we are just waiting for the braking action values from the friction tester stand by a second. The surface wind is actually three three zero degrees one two knots."
Two minutes later the controller radioed: "... the braking action was measured to be medium at all parts. And ah the visibility dropped right now due to the heavy snow showers at the field ah. The RVR value at the touch down zone is presently nine hundred meters, at the mid-point one thousand one hundred meters and ah stop end one thousand one hundred meters." At that moment the flight was 3,5 nautical miles out. The flight was subsequently cleared to land.
The airplane touched down about 1700 ft (518 m) past the runway threshold. Ground spoilers and thrust reversers deployed and the autobrakes activated. Still the airplane did not decelerate as expected and the pilot applied manual braking. The airplane failed to stop and overran the runway end. It collided with ILS aerials, which caused a fire in engines nr. 2 and nr. 3.

The aircraft was withdrawn from use at Düsseldorf until being scrapped there in April 2006.


Causes:
The accident is attributable to the fact that the braking values transmitted to the crew did not meet the conditions that had arisen as a result of heavy snowfall since the last measurement on the runway.
Contributing factors:
- Fast changing weather
- The lack of an in all weather conditions reliable measurement method for the determination of braking coefficient.

Classification:
Runway excursion

Sources:

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (BFU) - Germany
report status: Final
report number: BFU AX001-05
report released:18-OCT-2013
duration of investigation:3189 days (8 years 9 months)
download report: Untersuchungsbericht (BFU AX001-05)
cover

Photos

photo of Boeing 747-212B(SF) N808MC
N808MC, operating flight EK8995 from Dubai, overran runway 23L after landing.
photo of Boeing 747-212B(SF) N808MC
N808MC, operating flight EK8995 from Dubai, overran runway 23L after landing.
photo of Boeing 747-212B(SF) N808MC
N808MC, operating flight EK8995 from Dubai, overran runway 23L after landing.
photo of Boeing 747-212B(SF) N808MC
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Dubai Airport to Düsseldorf Airport as the crow flies is 4974 km (3109 miles).

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