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Accident
Last updated: 25 August 2016
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 3 février 2005
Heure:ca 15:15
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-242 Adv.
Opérant pour:Kam Air
Loué à :Phoenix Aviation
Immatriculation: EX-037
Numéro de série: 22075/630
Année de Fabrication: 1980-01-04 (25 years 1 months)
Heures de vol:51363
Cycles:42055
Moteurs: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17A (HK3)
Equipage:victimes: 8 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 97 / à bord: 97
Total:victimes: 105 / à bord: 105
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:32 km (20 milles) ESE of Kabul (   Afghanistan)
Élévation des lieux de l'accident: 3368 m (11050 feet) amsl
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Herat Airport (HEA/OAHR), Afghanistan
Aéroport de destination:Kabul-Khwaja Rawash Airport (KBL/OAKB), Afghanistan
Numéro de vol: 904
Détails:
Kam Air Flight 904 from Herat to Kabul, Afghanistan, was destroyed when it impacted a mountain side during descent. All 105 on board were killed.
The Boeing 737-242 aircraft, with Kyrgyz Republic registration EX-037, departed from Herat at 10:02 UTC. The estimated time of arrival (ETA) at Kabul International Airport was 10:55 UTC.
The aircraft was cruising at flight level 270 when it contacted Bagram Radar Approach Control ("Bagram") for descent and landing. The flight was normal until it failed to level at flight level 130 during the VOR/DME approach.
At 10:43 UTC, Bagram cleared the flight to descend at its discretion and to expect the VOR approach to runway 29. The prevailing weather was also passed on to the aircraft. Visibility was reported 2 kilometers with snow, ceiling 2200 feet broken. wind calm and altimeter setting QNH 1016.
When the aircraft was 35 miles west of the Kabul VOR, radar contact was established with Bagram. The aircraft was advised by Bagram to cross the VOR at or above flight level 130 and cleared it for the VOR/DME approach to runway 29 at Kabul Airport. At 10:48 UTC the aircraft reported flight level 130.
Bagram again cleared the aircraft for the VOR approach to runway 29 and advised the aircraft to report procedure turn inbound. The crew replied that they would report proceeding inbound for the VOR approach to runway 29. This was the last transmission from the aircraft.

Search for the aircraft was delayed and hampered due to a severe snowstorm in the region. The aircraft was located approximately three days later by an International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) helicopter
The Flight Data Recorder (FDR) was recovered, but the Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) could not be found. No data was found recorded on the FDR.


Probable Cause: "The accident occurred probably due to the premature descent by the Aircraft below its minimum assigned altitude of 13,000 feet during approach in weather conditions below VFR requirements. The reason for descending below the minimum allltude could not be determined due to inadequate evidence."

Sources:
» NTSB
» Reuters

Official accident investigation report
cover
investigating agency: CAO Afghanistan
report status: Final
report number: Final report
report released:1 February 2006
duration of investigation: 12 months
download report: Final report

Opérations de secours

MoT Afghanistand issued 7 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Boeing 737-242 EX-037
photo of Boeing 737-242 N238TA
N238TA was withdrawn from use in April 2004 and was bought by Phoenix Air as EX-037 in August. Kam Air started using the plane in November.
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Aircraft history
date registration operator remarks
04 JAN 1980 C-GNDR Nordair
31 JAN 1981 N8536Z Wien Air Alaska leased
25 APR 1981 C-GNDR Nordair returned
02 JAN 1987 C-GNDR CP Air airline merged
26 APR 1987 C-GNDR Canadian Airlines International airline merged
25 JUL 1991 N238TA TACA International leased
01 DEC 1991 N238TA Aviateca sub leased
08 SEP 1992 N238TA TACA International returned
07 DEC 1992 N238TA LACSA transferred
20 AUG 1993 N238TA Ecuatoriana sub leased
N238TA TACA International returned
N238TA LACSA transferred
26 AUG 2004 EX-037 Phoenix Aviation
26 OCT 2004 EX-037 Kam Air leased

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Herat Airport et Kabul-Khwaja Rawash Airport est de 638 km (399 miles).

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