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Accident description
Last updated: 29 May 2015
Status:Final
Date:Tuesday 23 August 2005
Time:15:09
Type:Silhouette image of generic B732 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-244
Operator:Transportes Aéreos Nacionales de la Selva - TANS
Registration: OB-1809-P
C/n / msn: 22580/787
First flight: 1981-08-04 (24 years )
Total airframe hrs:49865
Cycles:45262
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-17A
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 35 / Occupants: 91
Total:Fatalities: 40 / Occupants: 98
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:5,5 km (3.4 mls) S of Pucallpa-Cap. FAP David A. Abensur Rengifo Airport (PCL) (   Peru)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport (LIM/SPIM), Peru
Destination airport:Pucallpa-Cap. FAP David A. Abensur Rengifo Airport (PCL/SPCL), Peru
Flightnumber: 204
Narrative:
TANS Flight 204 departed Lima at 14:24 on a scheduled 53-minute flight to Pucallpa. After an intermediate stop there the airplane was to continue to Iquitos.
At 14:52 the crew initiated the descent towards Pucallpa with the intention of carrying out a visual approach and landing. While approaching Pucallpa meteorological conditions deteriorated with towering cumulus clouds, strong winds and heavy rainfall. The runway 02 approach was unstabilized, but the crew continued the approach. The GPWS sounded as the airplane penetrated a severe hailstorm. The crew lost situational awareness and failed to abort the descent. The Boeing 737 crash-landed in swampland and broke up. It appeared that a copilot under instruction was in the right hand seat while the regular copilot was in the passenger cabin at the time of the accident.


CONCLUSIONS (translated from Spanish): The Commission determines the likely cause of the accident, as follows:
1) The decision of the flight crew to continue the final approach and landing at the airport of Pucallpa in severe weather (storm).
2) The decision of the flight crew to descend unstabilized and not act to stop the steep descent to the ground at a descent rate of above 1500 feet per minute; what triggered the GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning System).
3) The decision of the flight crew not avoid the storm, not choosing to conduct a landing on the other runway or divert to the nearest airport until weather conditions improved.
4) The decision of the flight crew to penetrate the storm, it having been detected on weather radar aircraft approximately 190 miles in advance.
5) The loss of the horizontal and vertical visibility of the flight crew while penetrating the core of the storm (severe hailstorm). Severe hail causes obscuration of the front windows of the aircraft and therefore the total loss of situational awareness.

Classification:


Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Ground

Sources:

METAR Weather report:
20:00 UTC / 15:00 local time:
SPCL 232000Z 02003KT 9999 FEW020 35/26 Q1009 RMK PP000

20:10 UTC / 15:10 local time:
SPECI SPCL 232010Z 01003KT 2000 TSFU BKN013 FEW015CB 31/26 Q1009

21:00 UTC / 16:00 local time:
SPCL 232100Z 22013KT 3000 – TSRA BKN014 FEW017 CB SCT100 25/23

Official accident investigation report
cover
investigating agency: Comisión de Investigación de Accidentes e Incidentes de Aviación (CIAA) - Peru
report status: Final
report number: CIAA-ACCID-008-2005
report released:1 July 2006
duration of investigation: and 10 months
download report: Informe final Transportes Aereos Nacionales de Selva TANS - Peru Boeing B-737-244 adv OB-1809-P A.A.H.H La Florida - Pucallpa Ucayali– Peru 23 de Agosto del 2005 (CIAA-ACCID-008-2005)

Photos

photo of Boeing 737-244 ZS-SIA
ZS-SIA was sold to Peru in 2005 to operate for TANS
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lima-Jorge Chavez International Airport to Pucallpa-Cap. FAP David A. Abensur Rengifo Airport as the crow flies is 489 km (306 miles).

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Boeing 737-200

  • 99th loss
  • 1114 built
  • 30th worst accident (at the time)
  • 35th worst accident (currently)
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 Peru
  • 13th worst accident
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