ASN Aircraft accident de Havilland Canada DHC-8-301 C6-BFN Governor's Harbour Airport (GHB)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Friday 20 April 2007
Type:Silhouette image of generic DH8C model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-8-301
Registration: C6-BFN
MSN: 159
First flight: 1989
Total airframe hrs:29570
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 48
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 51
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Governor's Harbour Airport (GHB) (   Bahamas)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Nassau-Lynden Pindling International Airport (NAS/MYNN), Bahamas
Destination airport:Governor's Harbour Airport (GHB/MYEM), Bahamas
Flightnumber: 353
A de Havilland Canada DHC-8-301 passenger plane, operating as Bahamasair flight UP-353, sustained substantial damage in a landing accident at Governor's Harbour Airport (GHB), Bahamas. There were no injuries among the 51 occupants.
The airplane landed on runway 15 at Governor's Harbour following a flight from Nassau. On touchdown the left hand main landing gear separated. The airplane skidded and came to rest on the runway.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause:
Probable Cause has been determined as an over-center Torque Link condition that culminated in a single cycle failure of the cylinder. The over center torque links condition occur as a result of the over extension of the shock strut.

Possible Contributory factors to the over extension of the shock strut includes:
Possible Cause for Loss of Damping
- The failure to install the dampening ring when the landing gear was assembled.
- Improper servicing of the landing gear shock strut with Mil-H-5606 hydraulic fluid plus nitrogen during initial assembly.
- Improper servicing of landing gear shock strut during line maintenance and inadequate post servicing follow up per AMM Chapter 12. See attached report Appendix A-30 From Bombardier
- Under-serviced shock strut (low oil volume)
- A broken damper ring
- No damper ring
- Disengaged damper ring

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: DCA Bahamas
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 136 days (5 months)
Accident number: A0723266
Download report: Final report

Landing gear collapse
Runway mishap

» Probe Continues Into Crash Landing In Eleuthera (The Bahama Journal, 10-5-2007)


photo of DHC-8-301-C6-BFN
accident date: 20-04-2007
type: de Havilland Canada DHC-8-301
registration: C6-BFN

This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Nassau-Lynden Pindling International Airport to Governor's Harbour Airport as the crow flies is 117 km (73 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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