Accident description
Last updated: 26 July 2014
Status:Final
Date:Saturday 15 March 2008
Time:ca 08:15
Type:Silhouette image of generic B190 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft 1900D
Operator:Wings Aviation
Registration: 5N-JAH
C/n / msn: UE-322
First flight: 1998
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67D
Crew:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:near Besi, Obanliku (   Nigeria) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Ferry/positioning
Departure airport:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM), Nigeria
Destination airport:Bebi Airstrip, Nigeria
Narrative:
The Beech 1900D airplane took off from Lagos at about 07.35 en route to Obudu. It was expected to arrive at Bebi Airstrip there at approximately 08:45. The aircraft contacted Enugu ATC at 07:54 and again at 8:04 am before contact was lost. It did not arrive at Bebi Airstrip and was declared missing.
Initial confirmations by the NCAA that the wreckage was found the next day at Nbagu village in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State, proved to be false. It was initially speculated that the plane might have been flown out of the country.
However on August 30, 2008 hunters found the wreckage in thick rain forest of Besi in Obanliku Local government Area.
Investigation revealed that the Enugu tower controller issued descent instructions to 5, 000 feet AMSL (FL050) outside its control airspace not considering that the aircraft was not flying the filed flight plan route and the minimum safe altitude (MSA) of the area reported by Jeppesen charts as 11,200 feet.


PROBABLE CAUSE: A lack of situational awareness which led to a controlled flight into terrain, and the inability of the crew to identify their position while navigating to their planned destination.
Contributory factors to the accident according to the report were: the flight crew's deviation from initial filed plan to Bebi, poor Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) and the crew's inability to respond promptly to several EGPWS warnings.

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» Obudu-bound plane missing (Daily Trust, 16-3-2008)
» Search for missing airplane moves to Cameroon, 4 days after (Daily Sun, 19-3-2008)
» How 'missing' plane was flown out of Nigeria - The Obasanjo connection (Nigerian Tribune, 28-4-2008)


Photos

photo of Beechcraft 1900D N23045
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport to Bebi Airstrip as the crow flies is 659 km (412 miles).

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