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Accident description
Last updated: 5 July 2015
Date:Saturday 15 March 2008
Type:Silhouette image of generic B190 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Beechcraft 1900D
Operator:Wings Aviation
Registration: 5N-JAH
C/n / msn: UE-322
First flight: 1998
Total airframe hrs:5578
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-67D
Crew:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:near Besi, Obanliku (   Nigeria)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Departure airport:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM), Nigeria
Destination airport:Bebi Airstrip, Nigeria
The Beech 1900D airplane took off from Lagos at about 07.35 en route to Obudu. It was expected to arrive at Bebi Airstrip there at approximately 08:45. The aircraft contacted Enugu ATC at 07:54 and again at 8:04 am before contact was lost. It did not arrive at Bebi Airstrip and was declared missing.
Initial confirmations by the NCAA that the wreckage was found the next day at Nbagu village in Yala Local Government Area of Cross River State, proved to be false. It was initially speculated that the plane might have been flown out of the country.
However on August 30, 2008 hunters found the wreckage in thick rain forest of Besi in Obanliku Local government Area.
Investigation revealed that the Enugu tower controller issued descent instructions to 5, 000 feet AMSL (FL050) outside its control airspace not considering that the aircraft was not flying the filed flight plan route and the minimum safe altitude (MSA) of the area reported by Jeppesen charts as 11,200 feet.

Causal Factor:
I. The flight crew conducted an approach into a VFR airfield in an instrument meteorological condition and did not maintain terrain clearance and minimum safe altitude which led to Controlled
Flight Into Terrain.
II. The crew did not respond promptly to GPWS warning.

Contributory Factors
1. The flight crew was not familiar with the route in a situation of low clouds, poor visibility and mountainous terrain.
2. The Area Controllers did not detect the estimate as passed by the pilot for positions not in the filed flight plan (LIPAR and LUNDO) and omitting ENUGU.
3. The erroneous co-location of Bebi airstrip and Obudu on the NAMA Chart confused the crew.

VFR flight in IMC
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

» Obudu-bound plane missing (Daily Trust, 16-3-2008)
» Search for missing airplane moves to Cameroon, 4 days after (Daily Sun, 19-3-2008)
» How 'missing' plane was flown out of Nigeria - The Obasanjo connection (Nigerian Tribune, 28-4-2008)


photo of Beechcraft 1900D N23045
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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport to Bebi Airstrip as the crow flies is 659 km (412 miles).

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