Narrative:TACA Flight 390 is a regular flight from San Salvador (SAL), El Salvador to Miami (MIA), USA with an intermediate stop at Tegucigalpa (TGU), Honduras. The A320 took off from San Salvador around 09:05. Prior to landing, the wind information given by the ATC at Tegucigalpa was 190°/10kt and ATC also confirmed that the runway was wet. Landing configuration was established with slats/flaps fully extended, gear down, ground spoilers armed, autobrake selected to MED.
The aircraft landing weight was 63.5t (max landing weight 64.5t) and a Vapp of 137kt.The aircraft was cleared to land on runway 02 and landed with Autopilot and Flight Directors OFF, and autothrust engaged in managed speed mode. At time of touch down, IAS was 139kt and Ground Speed (GS) was 159kt (estimated tailwind was 12kt from DFDR data analysis). The A320 and landed at Tegucigalpa's runway 02 around 09:40. Runway 02 is 3297 feet high and has a displaced threshold of 213m). The Landing Distance Available (LDA) for runway 02 is 1649m. The touch down occurred at approximately 400m from the runway 02 displaced threshold. Immediately after touch down, the crew selected MAX REV, and both engine reversers and the ground spoilers deployed normally. The nosewheel touch down occurred 7s after the main landing gear. The crew applied manual braking 4s after main landing gear touch down and commanded maximum pedal braking 10 seconds later.
At 70kt IAS, upon call-out of the copilot, the captain selected IDLE REV. The remaining distance to the runway end was approximately 190m. The aircraft overran the runway at 54kt and dropped down the 20 m embankment and onto a street, sustaining severe damage on impact with the ground.
Runway 02/20 is a 6112 x 148 feet (1863 x 45 meters) asphalt runway. The current NOTAM advised a.o. that the runway could be wet: "RWY 02/20 OPR BUT CTN ADVISED DUE TO WET SURFACE ON RAINY SEASON. 06 MAY 16:00 2008 UNTIL PERM. "
At the morning of the accident, tropical storm Alma buffeted Nicaragua's Pacific coast but was losing force as it headed inland over southern Honduras.
» Avión de TACA se sale de la pista tras aterrizar en aeropuerto de Tegucigalpa (El Tiempo, 30-5-2008)
» TVC Honduras
METAR Weather report:
15:00 UTC / 09:00 local time: MHTG 301500Z 19004KT 2000S -DZ FEW008 BKN020 OCV080 21/19 Q1016 2KM S SW WSW D/C 8KM PCPN CL HZ=
Wind 190 degrees at 4 knots, light drizzle, Ceiling 2,000 ft. broken clouds, few clouds at 800 ft., overcast 8,000 ft., Temperature 21°C, Dewpoint 19°C, QNH 1016 mB
16:00 UTC / 10:00 local time: MHTG 301600Z 20009KT 3000SW -DZ FEW006 BKN020 OVC080 22/20 Q1017 3KM SW WSW W 8KM CTE E PCPN CL D/C UNL HZ AVION DE TACA ACCIDENTADO EN LA PISTA 19 EN EL AEROPUERTO TONCONTIN=
Official accident investigation report
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from San Salvador-Comalapa International Airport to Tegucigalpa-Toncontin Airport as the crow flies is 209 km (131 miles).
This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.