Accident description
Last updated: 16 April 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 29 October 2009
Time:19:09
Type:Lockheed HC-130H Hercules
Operator:United States Coast Guard
Registration: 1705
C/n / msn: 382-4993
First flight: 1984
Engines: 4 Allison T56-A-15
Crew:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 7 / Occupants: 7
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:24 km (15 mls) E off San Clemente Island, CA (   United States of America) show on map
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Sacramento-McClellan AFB, CA (MCC/KMCC), United States of America
Destination airport:Sacramento-McClellan AFB, CA (MCC/KMCC), United States of America
Narrative:
A Lockheed C-130 Hercules Coast Guard plane was destroyed in an accident following a mid-air collision with a US Marine Corps Bell AH-1W Super Cobra. The Cobra helicopter was on a training mission out of Camp Pendleton with two crew. The C-130 (CG 1705) took off from Sacramento-McClellan AFB, CA (MCC) at about 15:30 as part of a search for a skiff with one person aboard that had been reported missing for two days. The search and rescue (SAR) mission was carried out in the vicinity of San Clemente Island off the California coast. The search pattern took CG 1705 in and out of airspace Warning Area 291 (W-291). A flight of four USMC helicopters also were operating in W-291. The flight consisted of two Sikorsky CH-53E Super Stallion transport helicopters and two Bell AH-1W Super Cobra attack helicopters. All aircrew wore night vision goggles. The Cobra's were briefed to fly at 300 feet of step-up (800 feet altitude)
at the 5 and 7 o'clock positions of the two CH-53s. The mishap Cobra had its anticollision light and IFF transponder switched off. In order to increase separation from another military flight in the area, the formation of four initiated a right-hand turn while climbing to approximately 1000 ft. This brought the helicopters in the flight path of the Coast Guard C-130 and a collision occurred.

Debris was found and the Coast Guard suspended the search for survivors at 09:50, Nov. 1.


No single factor or individual act or omission caused this mishap. It was the product of a tragic confluence of events, missed opportunities, and procedure/policy issues in an airspace where most aircraft fly under a "see-and-avoid" regime (i.e. where individual aircraft de-conflict
themselves).
a contributing factor to this mishap was that FACSFAC San Diego did not provide operational priority to CG 1705.

Events:


Sources:
» Coast Guard Plane Crashes Into Helicopter In SoCal (CBS5, 29-10-2009)
» Search continues after McClellan-based Coast Guard plane, chopper collide (The Sacramento Bee, 30-10-2009)


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Sacramento-McClellan AFB, CA to Sacramento-McClellan AFB, CA as the crow flies is NAN km (NAN miles).

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