Accident
Last updated: 21 April 2014
Statuts:Préliminaire
Date:mardi 22 décembre 2009
Heure:22:22
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B738 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-823 (WL)
Compagnie:American Airlines
Immatriculation: N977AN
Numéro de série: 29550/1019
Année de Fabrication: 2001-11-30 (8 years )
Moteurs: 2 CFMI CFM56-7B27
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 148
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 154
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Kingston-Norman Manley International Airport (KIN) (   Jamaïque) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Miami International Airport, FL (MIA/KMIA), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Kingston-Norman Manley International Airport (KIN/MKJP), Jamaïque
Numéro de vol: 331
Détails:
A Boeing 737-823, registered N977AN and operated by American Airlines, sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident on landing at Kingston-Norman Manley International Airport (KIN), Jamaica. The six crew members and 148 passengers survived the accident.
Flight AA331 operated on a scheduled service from Washington-Ronald Reagan National Airport, DC (DCA) to Kingston with an intermediate stop at Miami International Airport, FL (MIA). The flight left Miami at 20:52. The plane suffered a runway excursion on landing on runway 12 during a rainstorm. The plane skidded across a road and came to rest on a beach. The plane's fuselage was cracked, its right engine broke off from the impact and the left main landing gear collapsed, according to an airline spokesman.
According to Jamaican investigators the airplane landed approximately 4,000 feet down the 8,900 foot runway.


Weather reported about the time of the accident [22:22 local, 03:22 UTC]
MKJP 230300Z 32008KT 33000 +SHRA BKN014 FEW016CB SCT030 BKN100 21/20 Q1014 RETSRA (Wind 320 degrees at 8 knots, heavy rain showers, ceiling at 1400 feet, broken clouds, few clouds with cumulonimbus 1,600 ft, scattered clouds 3,000 ft., broken clouds 10,000 ft; temperature 21 degrees C, dew point 20 degrees C, QNH 1014 mb)

Kingston Airport has a single, asphalt, runway measuring 8900 x 150 feet (2713 x 46 meters). ILS is available for runway 12 only. Current information indicates that given the wind direction of 320 degrees at 8 knots, the airplane carried out a tailwind approach and landing on runway 12.

Full METAR report for hours around the accident timer:
MKJP 230430Z 34011KT 44000 RA BKN014 FEW016CB BKN100 21/13 Q1013 RESHRA
MKJP 230400Z 32014KT 11500 +SHRA BKN014 FEW016CB SCT028 BKN090 21/18 Q1013 RERA
MKJP 230300Z 32008KT 33000 +SHRA BKN014 FEW016CB SCT030 BKN100 21/20 Q1014 RETSRA
MKJP 230228Z 31009KT 5000 TSRA BKN014 FEW016CB SCT030 BKN100 22/19 Q1013
MKJP 230200Z 30012KT 5000 SHRA BKN014 SCT030 BKN100 22/20 Q1013 RERA
MKJP 230100Z 040033KT 5000 SHRA BKN016 SCT030 BKN100 23/20 Q1013 RERA
MKJP 230000Z 32004KT 9999 FEW016 BKN030 BKN100 24/19 Q1012
MKJP 222300Z 00000KT 9999 VCSH SCT016 SCT030 BKN100 24/20 Q1011


Sources:
» Jamaica Observer
» American Airlines


Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 4 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
photo of Boeing 737-823 (WL) N977AN
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Video/animation

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Miami International Airport, FL et Kingston-Norman Manley International Airport est de 940 km (587 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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