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Accident description
Last updated: 19 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 21 January 2010
Time:12:53
Type:Silhouette image of generic B744 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 747-4R7F
Operator:Cargolux
Registration: LX-OCV
C/n / msn: 29731/1222
First flight: 1999
Total airframe hrs:55967
Cycles:10512
Engines: 4 Rolls-Royce RB211-524H2
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Airplane damage: Minor
Airplane fate: Repaired
Location:Luxembourg-Findel Airport (LUX) (   Luxembourg)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Barcelona-El Prat Airport (BCN/LEBL), Spain
Destination airport:Luxembourg-Findel Airport (LUX/ELLX), Luxembourg
Flightnumber: 793
Narrative:
The aircraft was operating a scheduled freight flight from Barcelona, Spain to Luxembourg. The aircraft's actual departure time in Barcelona was 11:13 local time. At 12:40, flight CLX 793 contacted Luxembourg Approach (APP) for the first time and was advised by the approach controller that Low Visibility Procedures (LVP) were in operation.
Fog prevailed at Luxembourg airport with a cloud base at 100 feet overcast and a visibility of 100 meters, temperature and dew point were at 1°C.
The aircraft was cleared for an ILS approach on runway 24 at 12:49. RVR readings were 350/275/375 meters. At 12:50:55, CLX 793 reported established on the localiser for runway 24 and was transferred to Tower. RVR readings had decreased to 350/250/350 meters.
CLX 793 contacted Luxembourg Tower (TWR) at 12:51:40 and reported established on the ILS 24. The Tower Controller then cleared them to land.
At 12:53:46, reaching decision height at 17 ft, the Pilot Flying called out 'landing’. During the flare, the airplane impacted a maintenance van 'ELE 23' positioned slightly to the right of the centreline of runway 24 and about 340 meters from the threshold, with the front-end pointing into the opposite direction (060°). The roofline of the van was at a height of 2.54 m (8 ft). The right hand body landing gear of the Boeing 747-400F impacted the roof of ELE 23 with tire nr 12 slightly below the roofline of the van on a backward sloped roof section and rolled over it, damaging the roof on the whole length of the vehicle. The van's lightbar, as well as its R/T antennas, were ripped off on impact. The maintenance crew working on the centreline lights outside of ELE 23 ran off the side of the runway as soon as they noticed an increasing noise from a landing aircraft.
The aircraft landed safely at 12:53:51.
After touchdown, at 12:53:59, the Pilot Flying mentioned to the Pilot Monitoring (PM) that there was a car in the touchdown zone. The PM, monitoring the instruments during landing in accordance
with company procedures, didn't notice it.
The aircraft vacated runway 24 at taxiway Echo and at 12:56:28, while taxiing to apron P7, the PF informed the Tower controller about a car in the touchdown zone. The controller asked if there was a problem and the PF denied. The aircraft continued to the parking position on apron P7 without further incident.

Probable Cause:

Causal and contributory factors:
- The impaired operational readiness of the ELE department due to a manning shortcoming, combined with the lack of provisions to appoint external workforce if necessary, prevented ANA to schedule preventive maintenance work outside of normal operating hours (i.e. during the curfew);
- The decision to carry out preventive maintenance work in low visibility conditions without hampering air traffic gave priority to flight operations over safety aspects;
- The lack of adequate co-ordination between aerodrome control tower and ELE department with regard to the preventive maintenance work contributed to a reduced situational and organizational awareness of the TWR control staff;
- Inadequate procedures for the access of vehicles to the RWY and ILS sensitive area during LVP contributed to the development of an unsafe condition;
- Read-back procedures were not adequately applied by aerodrome control tower on ground control frequency, making this procedural safety net ineffective;
- Low visibility weather conditions, associated with the lack of supplementary ground traffic control and surveillance equipment, limited the capability of aerodrome control tower to identify and correct a developing unsafe condition;
- The use of different frequencies for air traffic and ground traffic on the manoeuvring area reduced the situational awareness of ELE 23 maintenance crew working on the RWY, preventing them to take avoiding action.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: ATI
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 11 months
Accident number: AET-2012/AC-01
Download report: Final report

Classification:


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Barcelona-El Prat Airport to Luxembourg-Findel Airport as the crow flies is 974 km (608 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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