Accident description
Last updated: 21 December 2014
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Tuesday 13 April 2010
Time:10:55
Type:Silhouette image of generic B733 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-322
Operator:Merpati Nusantara Airlines
Registration: PK-MDE
C/n / msn: 24660/1838
First flight: 1990-03-16 (20 years 1 months)
Total airframe hrs:54759
Cycles:38485
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-3C1
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 7
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 103
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 110
Airplane damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:Manokwari-Rendani Airport (MKW) (   Indonesia)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Sorong-Dominique Edward Osok Airport (SOQ/WAXX), Indonesia
Destination airport:Manokwari-Rendani Airport (MKW/WASR), Indonesia
Flightnumber: 836
Narrative:
A Boeing 737-322 passenger plane, registered PK-MDE, sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Manokwari-Rendani Airport (MKW/WASR), Indonesia. All 103 passengers and seven crew members survived but ten sustained serious injuries.
Merpati Flight MNA836 operated on a scheduled flight from Sorong-Dominique Edward Osok Airport (SOQ/WAXX). Departure was delayed for almost three hours due to heavy rain over Manokwari.
The flight was planned under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). The destination, Manokwari, had no published instrument approach procedure. Terminal area operations, including approach and landing, were required to be conducted under the Visual Flight Rules (VFR).
At 10:46 the crew made the first direct contact with Rendani Radio and reported their position as 14 Nm from Manokwari, and maintaining altitude 10,500 feet. Following this radio contact, Rendani Radio informed the crew that the weather was continuous slight rain, visibility 3 kilometers, cloud overcast with cumulus-stratocumulus at 1,400 feet, temperature 24 degrees Celsius, QNH 1012 hectopascals.
The controller then instructed the crew to descend and joint right downwind for runway 35, and to report when overhead the airport. Shortly after, the crew reported overhead the airport at 5,000 feet. The controller then instructed the crew to report when they were on final approach for runway 35. The crew acknowledged this instruction.
At 10:54 the crew reported that they were on final for runway 35. The controller informed them that the wind was calm, runway condition was wet and clear.
The crew read back the wind condition and that the runway was clear, but did not mention the wet runway condition.
The aircraft was observed to make a normal touchdown on the runway, about 120 meters from the approach end of runway 35. Witnesses on the ground and on board reported that engine reverser sound was not heard during landing roll.
During the landing roll, the aircraft veered to the left about 140 meters from the end of runway 35, then overran the departure end of runway 35. It came to a stop 205 meters beyond the end of the runway in a narrow river; the Rendani River.
The airport rescue and fire fighting unit was immediately deployed to assist the post-crash evacuation. Due to the steep terrain 155 meters from the end of runway 35, the rescuers had to turn back and use the airport’s main road to reach the aircraft. The accident site was in an area of shallow muddy water surrounded by mangrove vegetation.

Rendani has a single runway, 17/35, measuring 2.000 m x 30 m.


Classification:
Runway excursion

Sources:
» Kementerian Perhubungan (Ministry of Transport) Indonesia

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: National Transportation Safety Committee (NTSC) - Indonesia
report status: PRELIM.
report number: KNKT.10.04.09.04
report released:12-MAY-2010
duration of investigation:29 days ()
download report: PT. Merpati Nusantara, PK–MDE, Boeing 737-300 Rendani Airport, Manokwari - Papua Barat, 13 April 2010 (NTSC KNKT.10.04.09.04)
cover

Follow-up / safety actions

NTSC issued 7 Safety Recommendations

Show all AD's and Safety Recommendations

Photos

photo of Boeing 737-322 PK-MDE
photo of Boeing 737-322 PK-MDE
photo of Boeing 737-322 PK-MDE
photo of Boeing 737-322 PK-MDE
photo of Boeing 737-322 N385UA
N385UA was sold to Merpati as PK-MDE in 2009
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Aircraft history
date registration operator remarks
16 MAR 1990 N385UA Boeing first flight
2 APR 1990 N385UA United Airlines delivered
5 APR 2009 N385UA United Airlines stored Victorville, CA
12 NOV 2009 PK-MDE Merpati Nusantara Airlines registered

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Sorong-Dominique Edward Osok Airport to Manokwari-Rendani Airport as the crow flies is 305 km (191 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Boeing 737-300

  • 18th loss
  • 1113 built
  • 11th worst accident
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 Indonesia
  • 125th worst accident (at the time)
  • 133rd worst accident (currently)
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