Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mardi 24 août 2010
Heure:21:38
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic E190 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Embraer ERJ 190-100 LR (ERJ-190LR)
Compagnie:Henan Airlines
Immatriculation: B-3130
Numéro de série: 19000223
Année de Fabrication: 2008
Heures de vol:5109
Cycles:4712
Moteurs: 2 General Electric CF34-10E5
Equipage:victimes: / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: / à bord: 91
Total:victimes: 44 / à bord: 96
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:0,9 km (0.6 milles) E of Yichun Lindu Airport (LDS) (   Chine) show on map
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Harbin-Taiping International Airport (HRB/ZYHB), Chine
Aéroport de destination:Yichun Lindu Airport (LDS/ZYLD), Chine
Numéro de vol:8387
Détails:
An Embraer 190LR passenger jet, registered B-3130, was destroyed in an accident while on approach to Yichun Lindu Airport (LDS), China. Forty-four occupants were killed; the airplane was destroyed by fire.
Henan Airlines Flight VD-8387 departed from Harbin-Taiping International Airport (HRB) at 20:51. The ERJ-190 climbed to the assigned cruising altitude of 6300 m. At 21:10 the flight crew established radio contact with air traffic control at Yichun. The controller informed the flight crew that the visibility was 2800 m.
Radiation fog had started to form and caused a rapid reduction in visibility.
The flight crew then prepared for a runway 30 approach and landing. While entering the procedure turn for final approach, the copilot reported observing the runway lights. At the completion of the procedure turn, at 21:33, the controller reminded the crew that the minimum descent altitude was 440 m. Three minutes later the airplane entered the area with radiation fog. The captain switched off the autopilot at 21:36 and continued the approach although the runway was not in sight. The approach was continued until the airplane struck terrain about 870 m short of runway 30. Fuel from the ruptured tanks ignited and a fire erupted.


Investigators from the State Administration of Work Safety concluded that the captain, on his first flight into Yichun, continued the approach despite the fact that the reported visibility of 2800 m was below the minimum of 3600 m. Also, the crew continued the approach into radiation fog and without being able to see the runway. The crew failed to initiate a missed approach when the radio altimeter callouts indicated that the airplane was near the ground.
A contributing factor to the accident was Henan Airlines' weak safety management. The parent company, Shenzen Airlines failed to supervise the safety management at Henan Airlines.

Sources:
» State Administration of Work Safety report (in Chinese)
» CAAC


Opérations de secours
The accident was investigated by the State Administration of Work Safety which advised in June 2012 that 19 people should be punished. The plane's captain should be held criminally liable, while officials should be given disciplinary penalties, be demoted or dismissed from their posts.

Photos

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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Harbin-Taiping International Airport et Yichun Lindu Airport est de 315 km (197 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tels qui sont connus à ce jour.
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