Narrative:A Hawker 850XP corporate jet was destroyed in an accident at Sulaymaniyah, Iraq. All seven on board were killed. Among the passengers were technicians and shareholders with Iraqi mobile phone company Asiacell.
An investigation showed that the airplane stalled before reaching sufficient speed, and descended, striking the ground almost 6900 feet from the runway 31 threshold, and 130 feet from the right-hand edge.
Prior to departure the crew did not remove accumulated snow on the upper surface of the wing.
Probable Cause:Probable Cause
1- The flight crew’s failure to de-ice the aircraft prior to take-off resulted in the aircraft wings top surface, especially the right wing, being contaminated with ice and snow, leading the right wing to stall at a speed significantly below the clean wing stall speed.
a. There was a contaminated ice and snow on the wings, elevator and horizontal stabilizer top surface.
b. The pilot was in a hurry and didn’t remove these contaminations.
1- The hurry up syndrome led the captain to disregard de-icing the aircraft, despite the physical evidence and confirmation of ice contamination by the F/O, as he was focusing his attention on the deteriorating visibility.
2- The F/O lack of assertiveness in insisting on de-icing the aircraft prior to take-off did not help the captain review his decision.
3- The Contamination of snow and ice on top of the wing, fuselage and tail will compromise the normal takeoff characteristics.
4- The stall warning did not activate as the wing stalling speed and AOA was well below the clean wing stalling speed.
ASN editorial note:
The Iraqi CAA final report writes that the speed "was well below the clean wing stalling speed." Given the context, the speed was likely *above* the clean wing stalling speed.
|investigating agency: ||Iraqi Civil Aviation Authority, Flight Safety Department - Iraq |
|number: ||Investigation Report no. 12/36/105|
|released:||16 September 2012|
|duration of investigation: ||1 year and 8 months|
|download report: ||
Investigation Report no. 12/36/105
Loss of control
» Canadian Press
» Iraqi CAA Aircraft Accident Report No. 12/36/105
METAR Weather report:
14:00 UTC / 17:00 local time: ORSU 041400Z 15006KT 1500 SN OVC035 03/00 Q1022=
Wind: 150 degrees at 6 knots; 1500 m visibility in snow; overcast 3,500 ft; Temperature 3°C; Dewpoint 0°C
Follow-up / safety actions
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not
display the exact flight path.
Distance from Sulaymaniyah International Airport to Ankara-Esenboga Airport as the crow flies is 1186 km (741 miles).