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Accident
Last updated: 23 October 2017
Status:Definitief
Datum:vrijdag 4 maart 2011
Tijd:13:09
Type:Silhouette image of generic DH8A model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
de Havilland Canada DHC-8-106
Luchtvaartmaatschappij:Flugfélag Íslands - Air Iceland
Registratie: TF-JMB
Constructienummer: 337
Bouwjaar: 1992-09-01 (18 years 6 months)
Aantal vlieguren:32336
Aantal vluchten:35300
Motoren: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW121
Bemanning:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 3
Passagiers:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 31
Totaal:slachtoffers: 0 / inzittenden: 34
Schade: Groot
Gevolgen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Plaats:Godthåb/Nuuk Airport (GOH) (   Groenland)
Fase: Landing (LDG)
Soort vlucht:Internationale lijnvlucht
Vliegveld van vertrek:Kulusuk Airport (KUS/BGKK), Groenland
Vliegveld van aankomst:Godthåb/Nuuk Airport (GOH/BGGH), Groenland
Beschrijving:
A DHC-8 passenger plane, registered TF-JMB, sustained substantial damage in a landing accident at Godthåb/Nuuk Airport (GOH), Greenland. All 31 passengers and three crew members survived. The airplane operated on a flight from Reykjavík Domestic Airport (RKV), Iceland to Godthåb/Nuuk Airport (GOH), Greenland with an enroute stop at Kulusuk.
At 12:58, the flight crew of TF-JMB made radio contact with Nuuk AFIS and were informed that the runway in use was 23.
The weather was reported to be: wind direction from 170° at a speed of 24 kts with a maximum of 43 kts, the visibility was 4,000 meters in light snow, moderate blowing snow, a few clouds at 1,800 feet, broken clouds at 3,500 feet, the temperature was zero, the dew point was minus four Celsius and the QNH was 1014 hPa.
The flight crew made visual contact with the runway and decided to deviate to the right (west) of the offset Localizer (LLZ) to runway 23. The flight continued towards the runway from a position right of the runway centerline. The flight crew was aiming to land the aircraft at a point between the runway threshold and the touchdown zone.
As the aircraft approached runway 23 it was still in the final right turn over the landing threshold.
The aircraft touched down on runway 23 between the runway threshold and the touchdown zone and to the left of the runway centerline. The Flight Data Recorder (FDR) data indicated that the aircraft was banking more than 11° to the right as the aircraft touched down. At the same time the vertical acceleration was approximately 3.9 G and the rate of descent was greater than 13 feet per second.
The right main landing gear (MLG) shock strut fuse pin sheared and the right MLG collapsed, the aircraft skidded down the runway and departed the runway to the right.
The nose landing gear was separated from the aircraft as the aircraft was entering the unpaved surface. The aircraft came to rest in the rocky area to the right of runway 23.

Probable Cause:

Adverse wind and turbulence conditions at BGGH led to flight crew task saturation on final approach and a breakdown of optimum cockpit resource management (CRM) resulting in a divergence from the operator’s stabilized approach policy.
The divergence from the operator’s stabilized approach policy caused an unstabilized approach and a hard landing leading to an excess load of the right MLG at touchdown.
According to its design, the right MLG fuse pin sheared as a result of stress

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: HCLJ Denmark
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 6 months
Accident number: HCLJ510-000828
Download report: Final report

Bronnen:
» Sermitsiaq (4-3-2011)
» Visir.is (4-3-2011)
» SKYbrary 


Foto's

photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-106 TF-JMB
photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-106 TF-JMB
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Kaart
Deze kaart geeft het vliegveld van vetrek weer en de geplande bestemming van de vlucht. De lijn tussen de vliegvelden geeft niet de exacte vliegroute weer.
De afstand tussen Kulusuk Airport en Godthåb/Nuuk Airport bedraagt 697 km (436 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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