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Accident
Last updated: 21 October 2017
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:mercredi 13 avril 2011
Heure:13:55
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A332 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A330-203
Compagnie:Air France
Immatriculation: F-GZCB
Numéro de série: 443
Année de Fabrication: 2001-11-29 (9 years 5 months)
Moteurs: 2 General Electric CF6-80E1A3
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 13
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 202
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 215
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Caracas-Simón Bolívar International Airport (CCS) (   Vénézuela)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Intern.
Aéroport de départ:Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG/LFPG), France
Aéroport de destination:Caracas-Simón Bolívar International Airport (CCS/SVMI), Vénézuela
Numéro de vol:AF470
Détails:
An Airbus A330-203 sustained substantial damage in a hard landing accident at Caracas-Simón Bolívar International Airport (CCS), Venezuela. There were no injuries among the 202 passengers and 13 crew members.
Flight AF470 took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport (CDG) at 08:55 UTC on a regular service to Caracas, Venezuela. The en route part of the flight was uneventful. Weather at the destination was poor due to the presence of several thunderstorms and rain. The captain was pilot flying during the ILS approach to runway 10 at Caracas.
The airplane was aligned with the localizer at 10 NM from the threshold and the glideslope was intercepted at 6 NM. The crew selected a Vapp approach speed of 136 kts and moments later disconnected the autopilot and autothrottle. Passing 1000 feet above aerodrome level the crew was able to observe the runway. Descent rate at the time was -950 feet per minute and the airplane had rolled 3° to the right at an airspeed of 153 kt (Vapp + 17 kt). Shortly before passing 500 feet the captain had to correct some deviations, causing roll angles reaching 9°. At 200 feet the airplane was above the glide path and the pilot monitoring reported that the airspeed increased from 138 kt to 153 kt. The airspeed decreased again to below 136 kts with the GPWS warning "Sink Rate!" at 35 feet.
The airplane touched down at 2,74 G with a descent rate of -1200 ft/min.
Flight 470 taxied to the terminal without any problems. The captain reported the hard landing in the Aircraft Technical Log and reported it to the station manager at Caracas. One Air France technician performed a walk around check in very heavy rain and low light conditions. The Aircraft Condition Monitoring System (ACMS) did not generate an automated 'hard landing' report, and no report was received at the company's Maintenance Control Center (MCC). The Data Management Unit (DMU), part of the ACMS was checked and it was concluded that there was no defect. Consequently, the airplane was released for the return flight to Paris.
Upon takeoff from Caracas at 18:30 local time, the crew were not able to raise the undercarriage. Several alarms related to cabin conditioning were triggered and displayed on the ECAM. After burning off fuel the crew landed safely back at Caracas. After parking, significant damage was found on the right hand main landing gear and fuselage structure.

Probable Cause:

Causes:
L'atterrissage dur est dû à la poursuite de l'atterrissage alors que les écarts de trajectoire constatés auraient dû conduire à une remise de gaz. La charge de travail générée par le pilotage sans assistance de l'A/THR, dans des conditions météorologiques dégradées est un facteur contributif.
Cet atterrissage dur a provoqué l'implosion, non décelable au sol à l'escale, du piston fixe de l'amortisseur du train d'atterrissage droit. Ceci a rendu impossible la rentrée du train lors du vol retour.
L'utilisation des notes techniques inadéquates de l'exploitant en vigueur le jour de l'événement et l'absence d'émission de rapport R15 n'ont pas permis de détecter les dommages provoqués par l'atterrissage dur. Ceci a conduit au départ d'un vol commercial avec un avion fortement endommagé.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: BEA
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 6 months
Accident number: f-cb110413
Download report: Final report


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport et Caracas-Simón Bolívar International Airport est de 7577 km (4736 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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