Accident description
Last updated: 20 December 2014
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 5 February 2012
Time:09:03
Type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Operator:All Nippon Airways - ANA
Registration: JA8384
C/n / msn: 151
First flight: 1990-12-21 (21 years 2 months)
Total airframe hrs:43423
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 160
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 166
Airplane damage: Substantial
Location:Sendai Airport (SDJ) (   Japan)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Osaka-Itami Airport (ITM/RJOO), Japan
Destination airport:Sendai Airport (SDJ/RJSS), Japan
Flightnumber: 731
Narrative:
An Airbus A320-211 sustained substantial damage in a tail strike accident at Sendai Airport (SDJ/RJSS), Japan. ANA Flight NH731, had departed Osaka-Itami International Airport (ITM/RJOO) on a domestic service to Sendai. The captain was Pilot Flying.
The en route part of the flight was uneventful and the weather at Sendai was fine. At 09:00 the flight was cleared to land on runway 27. Wind was reported from 160 degrees at 2 knots.
At 09:03:04 the aircraft passed the runway threshold at a height of 50 feet and the captain felt the airplane floated. The right hand main landing gear touched down softly at 09:03:14. Four seconds later the captain pulled the reverse levers. Almost at the same time, he felt some vibrations from the airframe like stall buffeting and thought that it was not a normal landing. Determining that the aircraft was still in the air, the captain decided to go around, shifting the thrust levers to TO/GA positions. The nose was raised sharply, reaching +12.7 degrees. The tail struck the runway, causing a 40 cm * 3 m gash and a distorted rear bulkhead. The airplane circled and landed safely at 09:27. There were no injuries among the 166 passengers and crew.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "In this accident, it is highly probable that when the Aircraft rejected the landing after touching Runway 27, its nose was raised sharply, causing the lower part of the rear fuselage to contact with the runway and be damaged.
It is highly probable that the substantial pitch-up moment caused the quick Aircraft nose-up with the following reasons: The captain decided to reject the landing under the circumstance where he could not recognize the touchdown of main landing gears due to the soft landing;
Balanced pitching moment was disrupted by the captain’s nose-up elevator input as his go-around was initiated from the full-aft sidestick position."

Classification:
Tailstrike

Sources:
» JTSB
» Japan Today

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Japan Transport Safety Board (JTSB) - Japan
report status: Final
report number: AA2013-7
report released:27-SEP-2013
duration of investigation:600 days (1 year 7.8 months)
download report: Aircraft accident investigation report Air Nippon Co., Ltd. J A 8 3 8 4 (JTSB AA2013-7)
cover

Photos

photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Events during landing on runway 27
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Approach and landing profile
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
FDR readout
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Osaka-Itami Airport to Sendai Airport as the crow flies is 611 km (382 miles).

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