Accident
Last updated: 21 October 2014
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:dimanche 5 février 2012
Heure:09:03
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic A320 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Airbus A320-211
Compagnie:All Nippon Airways - ANA
Immatriculation: JA8384
Numéro de série: 151
Année de Fabrication: 1990-12-21 (21 years 2 months)
Heures de vol:43423
Moteurs: 2 CFMI CFM56-5A1
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 6
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 160
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 166
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Lieu de l'accident:Sendai Airport (SDJ) (   Japon)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Osaka-Itami Airport (ITM/RJOO), Japon
Aéroport de destination:Sendai Airport (SDJ/RJSS), Japon
Numéro de vol: 731
Détails:
An Airbus A320-211 sustained substantial damage in a tail strike accident at Sendai Airport (SDJ/RJSS), Japan. ANA Flight NH731, had departed Osaka-Itami International Airport (ITM/RJOO) on a domestic service to Sendai. The captain was Pilot Flying.
The en route part of the flight was uneventful and the weather at Sendai was fine. At 09:00 the flight was cleared to land on runway 27. Wind was reported from 160 degrees at 2 knots.
At 09:03:04 the aircraft passed the runway threshold at a height of 50 feet and the captain felt the airplane floated. The right hand main landing gear touched down softly at 09:03:14. Four seconds later the captain pulled the reverse levers. Almost at the same time, he felt some vibrations from the airframe like stall buffeting and thought that it was not a normal landing. Determining that the aircraft was still in the air, the captain decided to go around, shifting the thrust levers to TO/GA positions. The nose was raised sharply, reaching +12.7 degrees. The tail struck the runway, causing a 40 cm * 3 m gash and a distorted rear bulkhead. The airplane circled and landed safely at 09:27. There were no injuries among the 166 passengers and crew.


PROBABLE CAUSE: "In this accident, it is highly probable that when the Aircraft rejected the landing after touching Runway 27, its nose was raised sharply, causing the lower part of the rear fuselage to contact with the runway and be damaged.
It is highly probable that the substantial pitch-up moment caused the quick Aircraft nose-up with the following reasons: The captain decided to reject the landing under the circumstance where he could not recognize the touchdown of main landing gears due to the soft landing;
Balanced pitching moment was disrupted by the captain’s nose-up elevator input as his go-around was initiated from the full-aft sidestick position."

Sources:
» JTSB
» Japan Today

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Japan Transport Safety Board (JTSB) - Japan
report status: Final
report number: AA2013-7
report released:27-SEP-2013
duration of investigation:600 days (1 year 7.8 months)
download report: Aircraft accident investigation report Air Nippon Co., Ltd. J A 8 3 8 4 (JTSB AA2013-7)
cover

Photos

photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Events during landing on runway 27
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Approach and landing profile
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
FDR readout
photo of Airbus A320-211 JA8384
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposé destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Osaka-Itami Airport et Sendai Airport est de 611 km (382 miles).

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