Accident description
Last updated: 31 October 2014
Status:Final
Date:Thursday 15 March 2012
Time:14:57
Type:Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules
Operator:Royal Norwegian Air Force - RNoAF
Registration: 5630
C/n / msn: 5630
First flight: 2010
Total airframe hrs:856
Engines: 4 Rolls-Royce AE2100D3
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Total:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Mount Kebnekaise (   Sweden) show on map
Crash site elevation: 2014 m (6608 feet) amsl
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Military
Departure airport:Harstad-Narvik-Evenes Airport (EVE/ENEV), Norway
Destination airport:Kiruna Airport (KRN/ESNQ), Sweden
Narrative:
A Lockheed C-130J Hercules military transport plane was destroyed when it flew into the side of a glacier near Mount Kebnekaise, Sweden. All five on board were killed.
The flight departed Harstad-Narvik-Evenes Airport (EVE) at 13:41 on a flight to Kiruna Airport (KRN). It was part of a three ship formation in the exercise Cold Response 2012 where three aircraft were to fly to Kiruna to pick up personnel and gear. A German Air Force Transall C-160 had taken off at 13:30 and arrived at Kiruna as planned. Last radio contact with C-130J 5630 was at 14:43 with Kiruna Tower and radar contact was lost at 14:56.
Search operations are hampered by cloud cover and poor visibility due to strong winds. The wreckage was finally located on March 17, at 08:30. Debris was scattered on the side of a glacier.
The investigation into the cause of the accident showed a.o. that the GPWS/TAWS system operated in 'Tactical' mode and thus did not provide warnings to the crew about the terrain. Also, the airplane operated outside Swedish radar coverage


Causes
The accident was caused by the crew on HAZE 01 not noticing to the shortcomings in the clearances issued by the air traffic controllers and to the risks of following these clearances, which resulted in the aircraft coming to leave controlled airspace and be flown at an altitude that was lower than the surrounding terrain.
The accident was rendered possible by the following organisational shortcomings in safety:
- The Norwegian Air Force has not ensured that the crews have had sufficiently safe working methods for preventing the aircraft from being flown below the minimum safe flight level on the route.
- LFV has not had sufficiently safe working methods for ensuring, partly, that clearances are only issued within controlled airspace during flight under IFR unless the pilot specifically requests otherwise and, partly, that relevant flight information is provided.

Classification:
Controlled Flight Into Terrain (CFIT) - Mountain

Sources:
» Aftonbladet
» VG.no
» Sj÷fartsverket
» AP

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Statens haverikommission (SHK) - Sweden
report status: Final
report number: Report RM 2013:02
report released:22-OCT-2013
duration of investigation:586 days (1 year 7.4 months)
download report: Accident involving a Royal Norwegian Air Force aircraft of type C-130 with call sign HAZE 01, on 15 March 2012 at Kebnekaise, Norrbotten County, Sweden. (SHK Report RM 2013:02)

Photos

photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
Cockpit voice recorder (CVR) of the airplane
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
Tails section as recovered from the accident scene
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
Parts of the fuselge as recovered from the accident scene
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
photo of Lockheed C-130J-30 Hercules 5630
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Harstad-Narvik-Evenes Airport to Kiruna Airport as the crow flies is 167 km (105 miles).

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