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Accident description
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Final
Date:Sunday 18 November 2012
Time:09:56
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Operator:Gogal Air Service
Registration: C-GAGP
C/n / msn: 208B-1213
First flight: 2006
Total airframe hrs:1487
Engines: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 7
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 8
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:2 km (1.3 mls) E of Snow Lake Airport, MB (   Canada)
Phase: Initial climb (ICL)
Nature:Domestic Non Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Snow Lake Airport, MB, Canada
Destination airport:Winnipeg International Airport, MB (YWG/CYWG), Canada
Narrative:
A Cessna 208B Grand Caravan, operated by Gogal Air Service, struck terrain shortly after takeoff from Snow Lake Airport, MB, Canada. The pilot died and the seven passengers were injured.
Gogal Air Services was engaged by a local mining company to transport employees between Snow Lake and Winnipeg, Manitoba. The Caravan had accumulated some rime ice on the leading edges of the wings and the horizontal stabilizer from the flight into Snow Lake on the previous day. During the pre-flight inspection, the pilot tapped the leading edges of the wings with a broom handle in an attempt to remove the ice, but did not do this on the horizontal stabilizer of the aircraft. Ice remained on the leading edges of the wings and tail before the flight. No de-icing or anti-icing fluids were applied to the wing or horizontal stabilizer, and no tactile inspection of the upper wing or tail surfaces was observed.
The airplane departed at 09:55 and climbed to about 225 feet above ground level. It then pitched down. The aircraft's tail began to shudder and oscillate, the wings rocked, and a more pronounced second downward pitch ensued before the aircraft contacted the trees and crashed. There was no fire.

Probable Cause:

Findings as to causes and contributing factors:

1. The aircraft departed Snow Lake overweight and with an accumulation of ice on the leading edges of its wings and tail from the previous flight. As a result, the aircraft had reduced take-off and climb performance and increased stall speed, and the protection afforded by its stall warning system was impaired.
2. A breakdown in the company’s operational control resulted in the flight not operating in accordance with the Canadian Aviation Regulations and the company operations manual.
3. As a result, shortly after departure, the aircraft stalled at an altitude from which recovery was not possible.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: TSB Canada
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 6 months
Accident number: A12C0154
Download report: Final report

Classification:
Icing
Loss of control

Sources:
» CBC
» Winnipeg Free Press
» CADORS 2012C4938


Photos

photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-GAGP
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-GAGP
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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Snow Lake Airport, MB to Winnipeg International Airport, MB as the crow flies is 577 km (361 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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