Accident description
Last updated: 29 July 2014
Status:Preliminary - official
Date:Wednesday 29 January 2014
Time:08:42
Type:de Havilland Canada DHC-8-202Q
Operator:Air Greenland
Registration: OY-GRI
C/n / msn: 477
First flight: 1997-02-15 (16 years 12 months)
Engines: 2 Pratt & Whitney Canada PW123D
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 12
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 15
Airplane damage: Substantial
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Ilulissat Airport (JAV) (   Greenland) show on map
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Kangerlussuaq-Søndre Strømfjord Airport (SFJ/BGSF), Greenland
Destination airport:Ilulissat Airport (JAV/BGJN), Greenland
Flightnumber:3205
Narrative:
A de Havilland Canada DHC-8-200 operated by Air Greenland was involved in a gear collapse and runway excursion accident at Ilulissat Airport (JAV), Greenland. Flight GL-3205 originated in Kangerlussuaq, Greenland. Three passengers were taken to the hospital for observation, there were no fatalities or serious injuries.
On initial radio contact with Ilulissat AFIS, the flight crew got the information that runway 07 was in use. Weather information showed wind from 150° magnetic at 24 knots, maximum 33 knots, minimum 17 knots; a 24 knots cross wind, and a headwind of 5 knots. The wind at threshold runway 25 was gusting to 41 knots. Visibility was fine (10 km) with broken clouds at 12000 feet.
The flight crew got visual contact with the Ilulissat area and due to the wind conditions and consequently expected turbulence on final, the flight crew prepared for a NDB/DME approach to runway 07 via JV NDB. Due to the cross wind conditions, the flight crew decided to do a landing with a flap setting of 15°.
The flight crew asked Ilulissat AFIS for a confirmation of whether or not the cross winds of 24 knots included the gusting wind conditions up to maximum 33 knots. Ilulissat AFIS replied that the maximum wind was 35 knots and the cross wind was 26 knots.
On a 5 miles final to runway 07, the wind conditions were reported to be 140° magnetic at 28 knots with a maximum of 35 knots and a cross wind of 26 knots. On short final to runway 07, the wind conditions were reported to 140° magnetic and 25 knots, maximum to 39 knots.
Upon touchdown on runway 07, the left main landing gear collapsed. With the left main landing collapsed and after approximately 104 meters of runway rolling, the flight crew started to loose aircraft directional control. After approximately 389 meters, the aircraft ran off the left side of the runway and into the safety zone. The aircraft skidded sideways, hit the Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI) to runway 25, skidded down a steep slope and impacted a rocky area approximately 10 meters below the runway elevation.
The crew members initiated an evacuation of the aircraft. The flight crew found the flight deck door jammed and evacuated the flight deck through the flight compartment emergency exit hatch. The cabin crew member and a passenger had difficulties opening a partly jammed main entrance door. In cooperation with the commander from the outside of the aircraft, they succeeded. From the outside of the aircraft, the commander opened the forward right hand cabin emergency exit door. The passengers and the cabin crew member evacuated the passenger cabin trough the main entrance door. The overall evacuation took approximately 30-40 seconds.
Ilulissat Airport has a single, 07/25 asphalt runway, 845 m (2772 ft) long. Runway 07 has a 0,8% downslope for the first 550 m, followed by a 0,2% upslope for 295 m.


The preliminary investigation revealed the following findings:
- The fuse pin of the left main landing gear sheared at two places
- A laboratory analysis of the left main landing gear fuse pin concluded shearing as a result of overload stress
- The laboratory analysis of the left main landing gear fuse pin did not reveal manufacturing imperfection

Classification:
Turbulence

Runway excursion

Sources:
» Greenland Airports
» sermitsiaq
» Air Greenland

Official accident investigation report
investigating agency: Havarikommissionen for Civil Luftfart og Jernbane Langebjergvænget (HCLJ) - Denmark
report status: PRELIM.
report number: HCLJ510-2014-258
download report: Accident 29-01-2014 involving OY-GRI (HCLJ510-2014-258)

Photos

photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-202Q OY-GRI
photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-202Q OY-GRI
photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-202Q OY-GRI
photo of de Havilland Canada DHC-8-202Q N346PH
N346PH was sold to Air Greenland as OY-GRI in June 2011
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Video/animation

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Kangerlussuaq-Søndre Strømfjord Airport to Ilulissat Airport as the crow flies is 246 km (154 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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