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Accident description
Last updated: 17 October 2017
Status:Final
Date:Friday 23 October 2015
Time:11:15
Type:Silhouette image of generic B733 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-3K2
Operator:Peruvian Airlines
Registration: OB-2040-P
C/n / msn: 24329/1858
First flight: 1990-04-27 (25 years 6 months)
Total airframe hrs:74018
Cycles:42389
Engines: 2 CFMI CFM56-3B2
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 133
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 139
Airplane damage: Substantial
Location:Cuzco-Velazco Astete Airport (CUZ) (   Peru)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Lima-Jorge Chávez International Airport (LIM/SPJC), Peru
Destination airport:Cuzco-Velazco Astete Airport (CUZ/SPZO), Peru
Flightnumber:P9216
Narrative:
Peruvian Airlines flight 216 from Lima to Cuzco suffered a right hand main landing gear collapse during landing rollout on runway 28 at Cuzco-Velazco Astete Airport, Peru.
Eight seconds after touchdown, the flight crew noted a strong vibration, originating from the left hand main gear. The right main gear subsequently partially folded outwards with one of the actuators separated from its mounts.
The aircraft was evacuated on the runway. There was no fire.

Probable Cause:

CAUSE:
Unstable approach and inadequate landing technique for high altitude fields, which resulted in increased landing speed, the start of the flare manoeuvre at higher altitude, and low descent speed, which made the OB-2040-P aircraft make soft contact with the runway, causing inefficiency in operation of the shimmy damper, which did not prevent uncontrolled oscillation of the shock absorbers.

CONTRIBUTOR FACTORS:
- Lack of instruction and training in simulators that include techniques and maneuvers of landing at high altitude fields, with emphasis on speed control at landing.
- Lack of a performance analysis process, through the use of flight recorders or other installed data recording equipment and flight parameters, by the operating company, to enable supervision, control and corrective measures in the operational use of its aircraft.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: CIAA Peru
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 8 months
Accident number: ClAA-ACC-006-2015
Download report: Final report

Classification:


Sources:
» elpopular.pe


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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Lima-Jorge Chávez International Airport to Cuzco-Velazco Astete Airport as the crow flies is 584 km (365 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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