ASN Aircraft accident Learjet 60 XA-UQP Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo Internacional Airport (ZIH)
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Status:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:Monday 16 November 2015
Type:Silhouette image of generic LJ60 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Learjet 60
Operator:Servicios Aéreos Estrella - SAE
Registration: XA-UQP
MSN: 60-202
First flight: 2001
Total airframe hrs:3676
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo Internacional Airport (ZIH) (   Mexico)
Phase: Landing (LDG)
Departure airport:Toluca Airport (TLC/MMTO), Mexico
Destination airport:Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo Internacional Airport (ZIH/MMZH), Mexico
A Learjet 60 suffered a runway excursion upon landing at Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo International Airport in Mexico.
The aircraft operated on a ferry flight from Toluca with two pilots on board. The flight departed at 15:44 hours local time. The flight was uneventful until the approach. ATC initially cleared the crew for a runway 26 VOR approach. This was later changed to a runway 08 VOR/DME approach because of the formation of storm clouds in the area.
The aircraft landed on a wet runway and skidded off the left side, coming to rest in the grass. The left main landing gear was torn off and the left wing and flap were damaged.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause:
"Runway excursion due to loss of directional control of the aircraft during the landing run on an unstabilised approach".

Contributing factors:
a) Unstabilized approach.
b) Adverse atmospheric conditions in the "W" area of the airport.
c) Change of designation of runway in use for landing.
d) Lack of adherence to standard operating procedures "SOPS".
e) Lack of adherence to the concepts of "CRM" resource management in the cockpit.
f) Decreased situational awareness on the part of the commander of the aircraft.
g) Flying the approach and descent visually, following an IFR descent within IMC conditions (Instrument Meteorological Conditions).
h) Wet track.
i) Lack of crew coordination.
j) Poor judgement and incorrect decision.
k) Existence of a concrete marker with a level of 10cms protruding above the road surface in the runway safety zone.

Accident investigation:

Investigating agency: CIDAIA Mexico
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 2 years and 1 months
Accident number: ACC/DT/AF/A/055/2015 MMZH
Download report: Final report

VFR flight in IMC
Landing after unstabilized approach
Runway excursion (veer-off)

» El Sur

METAR Weather report:
22:30 UTC / 16:30 local time:
MMZH 162230Z 17010KT 3SM RA BKN020CB 30/25 A2975 RMK 8/900 RA BE 22

22:45 UTC / 16:45 local time:
MMZH 162245Z 13005KT 4SM RA BKN020CB 30/26 A2975 RMK 8/900 RA CONT


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Toluca Airport to Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo Internacional Airport as the crow flies is 276 km (173 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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