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Accident description
Last updated: 11 December 2017
Status:Final
Date:Friday 11 December 2015
Time:09:10
Type:Silhouette image of generic C208 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
Operator:Wasaya Airways
Registration: C-FKDL
C/n / msn: 208B-0240
First flight: 1990
Total airframe hrs:36073
Cycles:58324
Engines: 1 Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-114A
Crew:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 0
Total:Fatalities: 1 / Occupants: 1
Airplane damage: Destroyed
Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:28 km (17.5 mls) NE of Pickle Lake Airport, ON (   Canada)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Cargo
Departure airport:Pickle Lake Airport, ON (YPL/CYPL), Canada
Destination airport:Angling Lake/Wapekeka Airport, ON (YAX), Canada
Flightnumber: 127
Narrative:
Wasaya Airways flight 127 (WSG127) was to be the first of three cargo trips in the Cessna 208B Caravan (registration C-FKDL) planned from Pickle Lake Airport, Ontario, Canada to Angling Lake/Wapekeka Airport, Ontario. The first flight was planned to depart at 09:00.
The pilot went to the Wasaya apron and conducted a pre-flight inspection of C-FKDL while a ground crew was loading cargo. The pilot returned to the hangar and received a briefing from the station manager regarding the planned flights. The pilot was advised that the first officer assigned to the flight had been reassigned to other duties in order to increase the aircraft's available payload and load a snowmobile on board.
The pilot completed and signed a Wasaya flight dispatch clearance (FDC) form for WSG127, and filed a copy of it, along with the flight cargo manifests, in the designated location in the company operations room. The FDC for WSG127 showed that the flight was planned to be conducted under visual flight rules (VFR), under company flight-following, at an altitude of 5500 feet above sea level (ASL). Time en route was calculated to be 66 minutes, with fuel consumption of 413 pounds.
The pilot returned to the aircraft on the apron. Loading and fueling were complete, and the pilot conducted a final walk-around inspection of C-FKDL. Before entering the cockpit, the pilot conducted an inspection of the upper wing surface.
At 08:54, the pilot started the engine of C-FKDL and conducted ground checks for several minutes. At 08:58, the pilot advised on the mandatory frequency that WSG127 was taxiing for departure from runway 09.
WSG127 departed from runway 09 at 09:00, and, at 09:01, the pilot reported on the mandatory frequency that the flight was airborne. The flight climbed eastward for several miles and then turned left toward the track to mandatory frequency. At about 3000 feet ASL, WSG127 briefly descended about 100 feet over 10 seconds, and then resumed climbing. At 09:05, the pilot reported that WSG127 was clear of the mandatory frequency zone.
WSG127 intercepted the track to Angling Lake and climbed northward until the flight reached a peak altitude of about 4600 feet ASL at 09:08:41, and then began descending at 09:08:46. At 09:09:16, the flight made a sharp right turn of about 120° as it descended through about 4000 feet ASL. At 09:09:39, the descent ended at about 2800 feet and the aircraft climbed to about 3000 feet ASL before again beginning to descend. At approximately 09:10, WSG127 collided with trees and terrain at an elevation of 1460 feet ASL during daylight hours.

Probable Cause:

Findings as to causes and contributing factors

1. Although the aircraft was prohibited from flying in known or forecast icing conditions, Wasaya Airways Limited Partnership (Wasaya) flight 127 (WSG127) was dispatched into forecast icing conditions.
2. The high take-off weight of WSG127 increased the severity of degraded performance when the flight encountered icing conditions.
3. The pilot of WSG127 continued the flight in icing conditions for about 6 minutes, resulting in progressively degraded performance.
4. WSG127 experienced substantially degraded aircraft performance as a result of ice accumulation, resulting in aerodynamic stall, loss of control, and collision with terrain.
5. The Type C pilot self-dispatch procedures and practices in use at Wasaya at the time of the occurrence did not ensure that operational risk was managed to an acceptable level.
6. Wasaya had not implemented all of the mitigation strategies from its January 2015 risk assessment of Cessna 208B operations in known or forecast icing conditions, and the company remained exposed to some unmitigated hazards that had been identified in the risk assessment.
7. There was a company norm of dispatching Cessna 208B flights into forecast icing conditions, although 4 of Wasaya's 5 Cessna 208B aircraft were prohibited from operating in these conditions.

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: TSB Canada
Status: Investigation ongoing
Duration: 1 year and 10 months
Accident number: A15C0163
Download report:

Classification:
Icing
Loss of control

METAR Weather report:
02:00 UTC / 07:00 local time:
CYPL 110200Z 02010G18KT 350V050 15SM -SN OVC005 M06/M08 A2954 RMK SF8 LAST STFD OBS/NEXT 111100Z SLP026

11:00 UTC / 16:00 local time:
CYPL 111100Z 36005KT 310V030 12SM -SN OVC012 M05/M06 A2967 RMK SC8 SLP071


Photos

photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
Ice on the leading edge of the right wing outboard section
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
Ice on the right side of the vertical stabilizer
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
photo of Cessna 208B Grand Caravan C-FKDL
Add your photo of this accident or aircraft
 

Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Pickle Lake Airport, ON to Angling Lake/Wapekeka Airport, ON as the crow flies is 269 km (168 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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