Crash-aerien 27 AUG 2016 d'un Boeing 737-7H4 (WL) N766SW - Biloxi, MS
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:samedi 27 aot 2016
Heure:09:22
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B737 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 737-7H4 (WL)
Compagnie:Southwest Airlines
Immatriculation: N766SW
Numéro de série: 29806/537
Année de Fabrication: 2000-04-12 (16 years 5 months)
Heures de vol:58344
Moteurs: 2 CFMI CFM56-7B24
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 99
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 104
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:26 km (16.3 milles) S of Biloxi, MS (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En vol (ENR)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:New Orleans International Airport, LA (MSY/KMSY), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Orlando International Airport, FL (MCO/KMCO), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:WN3472
Détails:
A Southwest Airlines Boeing 737-7H4 (WL) operating flight WN3472 suffered an in-flight loss of an engine air inlet cowl near Biloxi, Mississippi. A safe diversion was carried out.
The airplane departed New Orleans International Airport, Louisiana at 09:10 hours local time for a flight to Orlando International Airport, Florida. While climbing through FL310, about 26 km south off Biloxi, the air inlet cowl of the nr.1 engine broke away. The flight contacted Houston Center about 09:22, stating: "engine failure...we've lost number one engine, we're descending". Initially the flight was cleared down to FL260. The flight then radioed "472 we need get down below ten". The flight was then cleared down to FL240 and the flight again stated that they needed to get down to 10000 feet.
While descending the crew made two unintentional transmissions to Houston Center in which they can be heard working the related emergency checklist with a sound indicating the possible use of oxygen masks by the crew.
The flight then diverted to Pensacola were it landed about 09:40. After landing damage was observed to the left hand wing root, a 5-inch by 16-inch hole in the fuselage and dents in the left hand horizontal stabilizer leading edge.

The NTSB on September 12 reported the following initial findings from the engine examination include:
- One fan blade separated from the fan disk during the accident flight and
- The root of the separated fan blade remained in the fan hub; however, the remainder of the blade was not recovered.
- The fracture surface of the missing blade showed curving crack arrest lines consistent with fatigue crack growth. The fatigue crack region was 1.14-inches long and 0.217-inch deep,
- The center of the fatigue origin area was about 2.1 inches aft of the forward face of the blade root. No surface or material anomalies were noted during an examination of the fatigue crack origin using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy.

Probable Cause:

Probable Cause: A low-cycle fatigue crack in the dovetail of fan blade No. 23, which resulted in the fan blade separating in flight and impacting the fan case. This impact caused the fan blade to fracture into fragments that traveled farther than expected into the inlet, which compromised the structural integrity of the inlet and led to the in-flight separation of inlet components. A portion of the inlet struck the fuselage and created a hole, causing the cabin to depressurize.

Accident investigation:

cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 7 months
Accident number: DCA16FA217
Download report: Final report

Sources:
» Flightradar24
» WDSU
» Southwest Airlines


Opérations de secours

EASA issued 1 Airworthiness Directive

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Photos

photo of Boeing-737-7H4-N766SW
accident date: 27-08-2016
type: Boeing 737-7H4 (WL)
registration: N766SW
photo of Boeing-737-7H4-N766SW
accident date: 27-08-2016
type: Boeing 737-7H4 (WL)
registration: N766SW
photo of Boeing-737-7H4-N766SW
accident date: 27-08-2016
type: Boeing 737-7H4 (WL)
registration: N766SW
photo of Boeing-737-7H4-N766SW
accident date: 27-08-2016
type: Boeing 737-7H4 (WL)
registration: N766SW
 

Video, social media

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre New Orleans International Airport, LA et Orlando International Airport, FL est de 880 km (550 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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