ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 133757
Last updated: 24 April 2014
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Date:19-APR-1998
Time:1730
Type:Silhouette image of generic B47G model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Bell 47G-3B-1
Owner/operator:Helfenberger, Daniel, E.
Registration: N80SD
C/n / msn: 3679
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 3
Other fatalities:0
Airplane damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:Sedro Wooley, WA -   United States of America
Phase: Take off
Nature:Private
Departure airport:
Destination airport:AWO
Narrative:
On April 19, 1998, approximately 1730 Pacific daylight time, a Bell 47G-3B-1 helicopter, N80SD, registered to and being operated by a private pilot, was destroyed by ground impact and a post crash fire following the loss of power during takeoff near Sedro Wooley, Washington. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan had been filed. The pilot and two passengers escaped without injuries. The flight, which was personal, was to have been operated under 14CFR91, and was originating from the crash site destined for Arlington, Washington.

The pilot and two passengers were departing a small clearing after visiting friends. The pilot reported that he initiated a departure under a no wind condition from a 10 foot hover and turned east proceeding at high power over trees with 8-10 knots of forward speed. Once over the trees he began to lose manifold pressure and RPM. A rapid descent followed and while attempting a pedal turn to reach a clear area, the rotorcraft struck trees and impacted the ground. The rotorcraft came to rest in a partially upright attitude, and the pilot and two passengers exited (refer to photograph 1). A post crash fire consumed the rotorcraft within approximately five minutes after the accident.

Post-crash examination of the remains of the rotorcraft's Lycoming TVO-435-B1A engine revealed no evidence of any mechanical malfunction.

The rotorcraft's MA-6AA carburetor was disassembled and examined at the facilities of Precision Airmotive Corporation on May 5, 1998. Although it exhibited fire damage (refer to photograph 02, no mechanical malfunction of internal components was noted (refer to attached "Preliminary Incident Investigation Report).

The operator/owner reported that he routinely fueled the rotorcraft from a portable fuel supply system. This system consisted of a 150 gallon steel tank, and externally mounted suction pump. The pumped retrieved fuel through a pickup tube and then pumped it via a short (~18 inch) length of hose through two externally mounted filters. The fueling nozzle used to insert fuel into the rotorcraft was attached to the filter(s) using an approximate 30 foot length of this same terra cotta colored synthetic hose. A receipt from Greenshields Industrial Supply, Inc. (Mill - Construction - Logging Supplies) of Everett, Washington, showed the sale of a 30 foot length of hose to the operator on August 12, 1997. The hose outside diameter (OD) was measured at 1 and 3/16 inch and the inside diameter (ID) was measured at 3/4 inch. The hose was identified with the label "VERSICON" and labeling in yellow letters reading "3/4" I.D. - 300# WP - VERSICON NON-CONDUCTIVE -MADE IN U.S.A." Both ends of each of the lengths of hose (pump to fuel filter unit, and fuel filter unit to input nozzle) had a threaded fitting inserted into the end of the hose. The metal fitting end inserted into the hose was manufactured with sharp circumferential ridges which, upon insertion into the hose end, were designed to prevent the fitting from easily pulling back out by cutting into the inner surface of the hose (refer to DIAGRAM I).

According to the operator, two days after the accident, the operator moved the fuel tank outside on a forklift to fuel an airplane, and had noticed a clear gum-like substance weeping from the cut ends of the hose where the fittings were inserted, especially at the end of the hose at the fuel nozzle end. He reported that the substance was clear and sticky and appeared to be coming from the cut ends of the hose itself (refer to photograph 3). The operator provided samples as described:

1) fuel which contained a submersed glob of clear substance from the helicopter's fuel tank (a pre-accident sample),

2) fuel from the fuel truck metal tank (post-accident),

3) fuel from within the fueling hose between the filters and fuel nozzle (post-accident). This sample of aviation 100 low lead octane fuel, normally colored blue, was observed to be green-yellow in color as was the sample from the helicopter's fuel tank (refer

Sources:
NTSB id 20001211X09960


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