ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 30258
Last updated: 4 December 2016
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Narrative:On January 30, 2000, about 08:30 hours HST (Hawaiian Standard Time), a Robinson R22B Beta, N62DF, operated by Mona Loa Helicopters, Kailua-Kona, Hawaii, experienced an in-flight loss of control on approach for landing. The helicopter touched down hard at the Hana Airport, on the island of Maui. The helicopter was substantially damaged, and the student pilot was seriously injured during the solo instructional flight. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and a visual flight rules flight plan was filed. The flight was conducted under the provisions of 14 CFR Part 91, and it originated from Hawi, Hawaii, about 0800.
Robinson R22 Beta
|Owner/operator:||Mauna Loa Helicopters|
|C/n / msn:|| 1643|
|Fatalities:||Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2|
|Airplane damage:|| Written off (damaged beyond repair)|
|Location:||Hana Airport, Hana, Maui, Hawaii -
United States of America
|Departure airport:||Hawi, Hawaii|
|Destination airport:||Hana Airport, Maui, Hawaii (HNM/PHHN)|
During landing approach at the completion of a solo cross-country flight, the student pilot was slowing below 30 knots to enter a hover, when the helicopter began spinning to the right. The student was unable to arrest the right yaw and entered an auto-rotation, which terminated in a rotating collision with terrain 137 feet short of the runway.
He was attempting to land with a left crosswind and/or quartering tailwind from a direction and at a speed conducive to a tail rotor vortex ring state condition. The condition results in tail rotor thrust variations, which can require rapid and continuous pedal movements to maintain heading and cause unanticipated right yaw rates to develop.
If the yaw rate is not controlled immediately, the helicopter can rotate into a wind azimuth region where weather cock instability will accelerate the right yaw. This condition will be aggravated at airspeeds below 30 knots when the loss of translational lift results in an increased power demand (more torque) and a corresponding increase in anti-torque requirement.
The student's total flying experience and as pilot-in-command time was about 60.6 and 5.2 hours, respectively.
The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident as follows: The student's failure to maintain directional control after encountering a tail rotor vortex ring state induced right yaw.
1. NTSB Identification: LAX00LA089 at http://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief2.aspx?ev_id=20001212X20400&ntsbno=LAX00LA089&akey=1
2. FAA: http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/NNum_Results.aspx?omni=Home-N-Number&nNumberTxt=62DF
||Dr. John Smith
||Updated [Time, Total occupants, Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Location, Country, Phase, Nature, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Damage, Narrative]|
||Updated [Location, Destination airport, Source, Narrative]|
||Updated [Total fatalities]|
||Updated [Source, Narrative]|
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