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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 30369
Last updated: 24 October 2017
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Time:17:20 EDT
Type:Silhouette image of generic R22 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Robinson R22 Mariner
Owner/operator:Valley Aviation
Registration: N2285Z
C/n / msn: 0511M
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 2
Other fatalities:0
Airplane damage: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:West Boca Raton, Boca Raton, Palm Beach County, Florida -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Departure airport:Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, Fort Lauderdale, Florida (FLL/KFLL)
Destination airport:
Investigating agency: NTSB
On October 25, 1999, at 17;20 EDT (Eastern Daylight Time), a Robinson R-22-Mariner, N2285Z, landed hard during a practice auto rotation landing in West Boca Raton, Boca Raton, in Palm Beach County, Florida. The helicopter was operated by the certified flight instructor under the provisions of Title 14 CFR Part 91, and visual flight rules. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the local instructional flight. The instructor received minor injuries, the private pilot rated student was not injured, and the helicopter sustained substantial damage. The flight originated from the Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, at 16:00 EDT.

According to the instructor, he and his student were practicing 180-degree auto rotation landings with power recovery. They began practicing auto rotations to the right, then switched to the left. Prior to initiating their last auto rotation to the left, they climbed to 500 feet above ground level (agl). The student was at the controls and began a steeper turn in an attempt to reach the aiming spot. The helicopter then entered a "slight dive." As the student rolled out to begin the flare, the helicopter was below 100 feet agl.

According to the instructor, he took the controls and pushed forward to level the helicopter. He rolled the throttle and tried to pull up on the collective. The helicopter hit the ground in a level attitude, then became airborne again. During the impact sequence, the tail boom was severed by the main rotor system, and the helicopter became uncontrollable.

The helicopter then spun three or four times and landed on its left side. The instructor stated on his accident report that there was no mechanical malfunction with the helicopter.

PROBABLE CAUSE: The flight instructor's delayed response in taking remedial action during a practice auto rotation. Factors were his inadequate planned approach and his improper use of powerplant controls.


1. NTSB Identification: ATL00LA003 at
2. FAA:

Revision history:

27-Sep-2008 01:00 ASN archive Added
19-Dec-2011 17:18 Dr. John Smith Updated [Time, Total occupants, Total fatalities, Other fatalities, Location, Country, Phase, Nature, Departure airport, Source, Damage, Narrative]
24-Sep-2016 18:59 Dr.John Smith Updated [Aircraft type, Location, Departure airport, Source, Narrative]

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