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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 67818
Last updated: 16 November 2018
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Date:08-AUG-2009
Time:11:53
Type:Silhouette image of generic P32R model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Piper PA-32R-300
Owner/operator:Private
Registration: N71MC
C/n / msn: 32R-7680172
Fatalities:Fatalities: 3 / Occupants: 3
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Category:Accident
Location:Hudson River, New York -   United States of America
Phase: En route
Nature:Private
Departure airport:Teterboro, NJ (TEB)
Destination airport:Ocean City, NJ (26N)
Investigating agency: NTSB
Narrative:
The Safety Boardís full report is available at http://www.ntsb.gov/publictn/2010/AAR1005.htm

The Aircraft Accident Report number is NTSB/AAR-10/05.

On August 8, 2009, at 1153:14 eastern daylight time, a Piper PA-32R-300 airplane, N71MC, and a Eurocopter AS350BA helicopter, N401LH, operated by Liberty Helicopters, collided over the Hudson River near Hoboken, New Jersey. The pilot and two passengers aboard the airplane and the pilot and five passengers aboard the helicopter were killed, and both aircraft received substantial damage from the impact. The airplane flight was operating under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91, and the helicopter flight was operating under the provisions of 14 CFR Parts 135 and 136. No flight plans were filed or were required for either flight, and visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident.
Probable Cause: (1) the inherent limitations of the see-and-avoid concept, which made it difficult for the airplane pilot to see the helicopter until the final seconds before the collision, and (2) the Teterboro Airport local controllerís nonpertinent telephone conversation, which distracted him from his air traffic control (ATC) duties, including correcting the airplane pilotís read back of the Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) tower frequency and the timely transfer of communications for the accident airplane to the EWR tower. Contributing to this accident were (1) both pilotsí ineffective use of available information from their aircraftís electronic traffic advisory system to maintain awareness of nearby aircraft, (2) inadequate Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) procedures for transfer of communications among ATC facilities near the Hudson River Class B exclusion area; and (3) FAA regulations that did not provide adequate vertical separation for aircraft operating in the Hudson River Class B exclusion area.

Sources:

NTSB: https://www.ntsb.gov/_layouts/ntsb.aviation/brief.aspx?ev_id=20090808X42846&key=1
http://discussions.flightaware.com/viewtopic.php?t=8966&sid=21567626f717e27529143baf837ad0a9
NTSB

Safety recommendations:

Safety recommendation A-09-82 issued 27 August 2009 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-09-83 issued 27 August 2009 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-09-84 issued 27 August 2009 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-09-85 issued 27 August 2009 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-09-86 issued 27 August 2009 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-10-124 issued 18 October 2010 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-10-125 issued 18 October 2010 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-10-126 issued 18 October 2010 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-10-127 issued 18 October 2010 by NTSB to FAA
Safety recommendation A-10-128 issued 18 October 2010 by NTSB to FAA


Revision history:

Date/timeContributorUpdates
08-Aug-2009 10:58 harro Added
08-Aug-2009 11:56 harro Updated
08-Aug-2009 12:31 RobertMB Updated
08-Aug-2009 12:42 RobertMB Updated
08-Aug-2009 21:59 harro Updated
10-Aug-2009 11:46 harro Updated
14-Aug-2009 12:25 harro Updated
14-Aug-2009 12:25 harro Updated
21-Dec-2016 19:25 ASN Update Bot Updated [Time, Damage, Category, Investigating agency]
22-Apr-2017 11:20 Iceman 29 Updated [Source, Narrative]
02-Dec-2017 15:58 ASN Update Bot Updated [Operator, Other fatalities, Nature, Departure airport, Destination airport, Source, Narrative]

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