Runway excursion Accident Cessna 560XL Citation XLS 5N-BMM,
ASN logo

Date:Thursday 14 July 2011
Type:Silhouette image of generic C56X model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Cessna 560XL Citation XLS
Owner/operator:Bristow Helicopters
Registration: 5N-BMM
MSN: 560-5830
Year of manufacture:2008
Total airframe hrs:982 hours
Engine model:Pratt & Whitney Canada PW545B
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 6
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Port Harcourt Airport (PHC) -   Nigeria
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Lagos-Murtala Muhammed International Airport (LOS/DNMM)
Destination airport:Port Harcourt Airport (PHC/DNPO)
Investigating agency: AIB Nigeria
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
A Cessna 560XL Citation XLS corporate jet, 5N-BMM, was damaged in a runway excursion accident at Port Harcourt Airport (PHC), Nigeria. Two of the six occupants were injured.
The airplane departed Lagos, Nigeria at 18:56 hours for Port Harcourt. The aircraft's first contact with Port Harcourt was at 19:14 when the pilot reported maintaining FL330 and estimating POT VOR at 19:40. The aircraft was cleared to POT, to maintain FL330 with no delay expected for an ILS Approach to runway 21, QNH 1011. Seven minutes later the flight was cleared to descend to FL150. At 19:27 the flight was cleared further down to 3,300ft but the pilot acknowledged 3,500ft. At 19:31 the aircraft was re-cleared to FL90 initially due to departing traffic on runway 03 at Port Harcourt. This was followed by new descent clearances first to FL50 and then to 2000ft. At 19:36 the flight was cleared for a straight-in ILS approach to runway 21 and to report on the localizer. At 19:50, when the flight had changed frequencies to Port Harcourt Tower, the controller asked 5N-BMM to confirm on the glide slope and the crew confirmed "Charlie, we have three miles to run". The Tower cleared 5N-BMM to land with surface wind calm but to exercise caution since the runway surface was wet and 5N-BMM responded "wind calm". At 19:52 the auto voice callout "minimums minimums" alerted the crew. The pilot flying, a captain, stated: "I am not on the centerline...I can't see down". The pilot monitoring, who was also captain, said to the pilot flying: "I am telling you to go down" and the pilot flying said "I will go down", five seconds later the aircraft crashed-landed.
The airplane skidded off the runway and impacted a gully and a culvert, causing the right hand main gear to be sheared off.
The aircraft suffered substantial damage and the main door was inaccessible, thus the passengers and crew evacuated through the overwing exit close to the starboard engine that was still running.
The fire services eventually used their water hose to shutdown the running engine.

Causal Factor:
The Decision of the pilot to continue the approach without the required visual references.
Contributory Factors:
1) Poor crew co-ordination CRM.
2) Pairing two captains together.
3) The weather was marginal.


18:30 UTC / 19:30 local time:

Wind 300 degrees at 2 knots; Visibility 6 km; Drizzle; Broken clouds at 210 m; Few clouds (CB(SD)) at 600 m; 1011 hPa; Temperature 24°C; Dew point 22°C

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIB Nigeria
Report number: BH 2011/07/14/F
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 3 years and 10 months
Download report: Final report


Six Escape Death In Near Plane Crash (Tribune, 16-7-2011)
Plane overshoots runway in Nigeria (PANA, 14-7-2011)



photo (c) Accident Investigation Bureau Nigeria; Port Harcourt Airport (PHC)

photo (c) Accident Investigation Bureau Nigeria; Port Harcourt Airport (PHC); July 2011

photo (c) Accident Investigation Bureau Nigeria; Port Harcourt Airport (PHC); July 2011

photo (c) Accident Investigation Bureau Nigeria; Port Harcourt Airport (PHC); July 2011

photo (c) Accident Investigation Bureau Nigeria; Port Harcourt Airport (PHC); July 2011

Revision history:


The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF on social media FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2024 Flight Safety Foundation

1920 Ballenger Av, 4th Fl.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314