Runway excursion Accident Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III OY-NPB,
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ASN Wikibase Occurrence # 321164

Date:Wednesday 2 March 2011
Type:Silhouette image of generic SW4 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III
Owner/operator:Air Norway
Registration: OY-NPB
MSN: AC-420
Year of manufacture:1981
Total airframe hrs:24833 hours
Cycles:29491 flights
Engine model:Garrett TPE331-11U-612G
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 11
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL) -   Norway
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Ørland Airport (OLA/ENOL)
Destination airport:Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL/ENGM)
Investigating agency: AIBN
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
A Swearingen SA.227AC Metro III, OY-NPB, sustained substantial damage in a runway excursion accident at Oslo-Gardermoen (OSL), Norway. None of the eleven occupants were injured.
The airplane operated on scheduled flight M3990 from OLA (Ørland) to OSL. During roll-out following a normal landing, when the aircraft's speed had decreased to less than 60 kt, the aircraft started an uncommanded turn to the right. The nose wheel steering system was activated. The course could not be corrected, and the aircraft veered off the side of the runway where it became stuck in hard-packed snow one meter deep.
The investigation has shown that the loss of control was most likely caused by a fault in the nose wheel steering. The same problem had occurred six days earlier, but the commander then managed to disconnect the nose wheel steering in time and regained control. The fault could not be reproduced, and the aircraft was released to service after inspection and testing without remarks.
The nose wheel steering system on this aircraft type is relatively complex, and over time several improvements have been made to improve its reliability. The Flight Manual has a caution related to activation of nose wheel steering at speeds higher than normal taxi speed.

There was some freezing rain/freezing fog at the time of the accident.

Comprehensive technical examination of the nose wheel steering on OY-NPB uncovered no single causal factor, but some indications of unsatisfactory maintenance. Irregularities that alone or in combination could have caused a temporary fault with the steering were present. The Accident Investigation Board believes that a temporary fault caused the nose wheel to unintentionally lock itself in a position towards the right. No other defects or irregularities that could explain why the aircraft veered off the runway were found.


02:41 UTC / local time:
280241Z 19003KT 7000 FEW009 BKN025 M05/M06 Q1027

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: AIBN
Report number: SL 2012/06
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 1 year and 3 months
Download report: Final report


AIBN Norway



photo (c) AIBN; Oslo-Gardermoen Airport (OSL); 02 March 2011; (publicdomain)

photo (c) Allan J. Kortsen; Sumburgh Airport, Shetland Islands (LSI/EGPB); 08 May 2002

Revision history:


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