Accident British Aerospace 3112 Jetstream 31 C-FNAY,
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Date:Thursday 27 November 2008
Type:Silhouette image of generic JS31 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
British Aerospace 3112 Jetstream 31
Owner/operator:Northwestern Air
Registration: C-FNAY
MSN: 768
Year of manufacture:1987
Engine model:Garrett TPE331-10UG-514H
Fatalities:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 5
Aircraft damage: Substantial, written off
Location:Fort Smith Airport, NT (YSM) -   Canada
Phase: Landing
Nature:Passenger - Scheduled
Departure airport:Hay River Airport, NT (YHY/CYHY)
Destination airport:Fort Smith Airport, NT (YSM/CYSM)
Investigating agency: TSB
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The Northwestern Air BAe Jetstream 3112 (registration C-FNAY) was operating as flight PLR734 on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight from Hay River Airport, NT (YHY) to Fort Smith Airport, NT (YSM). After conducting an IFR approach to runway 11, PLR 734 executed a missed approach and flew a full procedure approach for runway 29. At approximately 0.2 nautical miles from the threshold, the crew sighted the approach strobe lights and continued for a landing. Prior to touchdown, the aircraft entered an aerodynamic stall and landed hard on the runway. The aircraft remained on the runway despite the left main landing gear collapsing. The two flight crew members and three passengers were uninjured and evacuated the aircraft through the left main cabin door. There was no post-impact fire.

1. Though icing conditions were encountered, the airframe de-icing boots were not cycled nor was the Vref speed increased to offset the effects of aircraft icing.
2. An abrupt change in aircraft configuration, which included a reduction in power to flight idle and the addition of 35º flap, caused the aircraft's speed to rapidly decrease.
3. The aircraft entered an aerodynamic stall due to the decreased performance caused by the icing. There was insufficient altitude to recover the aircraft prior to impact with the runway.

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: TSB
Report number: A08W0237
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 5 months
Download report: Final report


CADORS Number: 2008C4178

History of this aircraft

Other occurrences involving this aircraft
17 March 1993 N159PC USAir Express 0 Beckley, WV sub


Revision history:


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