Accident Yakovlev Yak-42D UR-42352,
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Date:Monday 26 May 2003
Type:Silhouette image of generic YK42 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Yakovlev Yak-42D
Owner/operator:Ukrainian-Mediterranean Airlines
Registration: UR-42352
MSN: 4520421811395
Year of manufacture:1988
Total airframe hrs:18739 hours
Cycles:9700 flights
Engine model:Lotarev D-36
Fatalities:Fatalities: 75 / Occupants: 75
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:3,5 km E of Maçka -   Turkey
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Bishkek-Manas International Airport (FRU/UAFM)
Destination airport:Trabzon Airport (TZX/LTCG)
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
A Yakovlev 42D passenger jet, registered UR-42352, was destroyed in a CFIT accident 3,5 km east of Maçka, Turkey. All 62 passengers and thirteen crew members crew members were killed. The airplane operated on a flight from Bishkek-Manas International Airport (FRU) to Trabzon Airport (TZX), carrying 62 Spanish peacekeeping forces from Kabul back to Spain.
The en route part of the flight was uneventful. At 03:35 the aircraft made contact with the Trabzon APP/TWR controller. Since the surface wind was calm at that time, the controller cleared the aircraft for Trabzon runway 11. The crew then switched back to Ankara ACC for descent instructions. The flight was vectored for a descent to the north of the airport, over sea. An updated weather report indicated that runway in use at Trabzon was now runway 29: "Wind at 260 degrees / 06 knots, visibility 10 miles, 2000 ft SCT, BKN 3000 ft, temperature 18 degrees / dew point 17, QNH 1012, runway 29."
At 03:50 the crew contacted Trabzon APP/TWR again, reporting 24 NM from the TBN VOR and descending to FL110. The controller then instructed the flight to cross the VOR at 6000 feet and prepare for a VOR/DME 2 approach to runway 29. At 04:02 the crew reported inbound Trabzon but went outside of the approach track. Three minutes later the crew reported a missed approach. The tower controller proposed "a circling approach to runway 29."
The crew responded with some delay, "We will continue to runway 29 approach." thereby revealing the intention of the crew to follow the VOR-DME to runway 29. After passing the TBN VOR the flight descended over the mountainous area southwest of the airport. The minimum descent altitude in that sector was 11.500 feet.
The airplane crashed into the side of a mountain at an elevation of 4600 ft MSL, 12,4 NM southwest of the Trabzon VOR.

POSSIBLE CAUSES: "The Turkish Accident Investigation Committee determined that flight UKM4230 suffered a typical CFIT accident caused by loss of situational awareness, breach of standard procedures according to the flight manual and published approach charts, the implementation of a non-precision approach, the incorrect use of automated flight systems, inadequate training (LOFT) and descent below the minimum descent altitude of the area."




photo (c) Miroslav Sedy; near Maçka, Turkey; 15 May 2013

photo (c) Peter Frei; Zürich-Kloten Airport (ZRH); 2003

photo (c) Andy Herzog; Bishkek-Manas International Airport (FRU/UCFM); 2003

Revision history:


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