Accident Tupolev Tu-134A-3 C9-CAA,
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Date:Sunday 19 October 1986
Type:Silhouette image of generic T134 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Tupolev Tu-134A-3
Owner/operator:República de Moçambique
Registration: C9-CAA
MSN: 63457
Year of manufacture:1980
Total airframe hrs:1105 hours
Engine model:Soloviev D-30-III
Fatalities:Fatalities: 34 / Occupants: 44
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:near Komatipoort -   South Africa
Phase: Approach
Departure airport:Mbala Airport (MMQ/FLBA)
Destination airport:Maputo International Airport (MPM/FQMA)
Investigating agency: CAA S.A.
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
The Tupolev Tu-134 departed Mbala (MMQ), Zambia, for a flight back to Maputo (MPM). The flight carried Mozambique president Samora Machel who had attended a meeting of African leaders in Zambia. While approaching Maputo, an inadvertent selection of the MATSAPA VOR frequency caused the crew to execute a premature 37-degrees turn. Although the pilot queried the turn, no effort was made to verify it by using the available navigational aids. The aircraft descended below the 3000 feet limit in spite of not having visual contact with Maputo. The crew erroneously assumed a power failure at Maputo.
A 32-second GPWS warning was ignored and the aircraft collided with the ground at 2187 feet, bounced and crashed into an uphill slope. The aircraft broke up, slid across the South African/Eswatini border and caught fire. Machel, along with 33 other occupants did not survive the accident.

CAUSE: "The cause of the accident was that the flight crew failed to follow procedural requirements for an instrument let-down approach , but continued to descend under visual flight rules in darkness and some cloud, i.e. without having visual contact with the ground, below minimum safe altitude, and in addition the ignored GPWS alarm."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: CAA S.A.
Report number: final report
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 8 months
Download report: Final report


Flight International 22 November 1986 (14-15)
Flight International 1 November 1986 (10)
Report of the Board of Inquiry into the accident to Tupolev 134A-3 aircraft C9-CAA on 19th October 1986



photo (c) CAA S.A.; Komatipoort; 19 October 1986

photo (c) via Werner Fischdick; Maseru International Airport (MSU); May 1986

Revision history:


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