Accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 500 ZK-NFC,
ASN logo

Date:Saturday 17 February 1979
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different    
Fokker F-27 Friendship 500
Owner/operator:Air New Zealand
Registration: ZK-NFC
MSN: 10456
Year of manufacture:1971
Total airframe hrs:18718 hours
Cycles:25704 flights
Engine model:Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7R
Fatalities:Fatalities: 2 / Occupants: 4
Aircraft damage: Destroyed, written off
Location:1 km W off Auckland International Airport (AKL) -   New Zealand
Phase: Approach
Nature:Passenger - Non-Scheduled/charter/Air Taxi
Departure airport:Gisborne Airport (GIS/NZGS)
Destination airport:Auckland International Airport (AKL/NZAA)
Confidence Rating: Accident investigation report completed and information captured
At 14:28 hours Flight 4374 had levelled out at 3000 feet with the undercarriage and flaps up and was being radar vectored for an ILS approach to Auckland Airport. When visual flight conditions were encountered and the captain commenced the descent the aircraft was 9 miles from the runway threshold at an airspeed of approximately 165 knots and in a good position to carry out a normal descent and approach for a landing on runway 05. About one minute later, at 2 minutes 14 seconds prior to colliding with the sea, the aircraft's IAS had increased to 211 knots (11 knots in excess of the company's stipulated
Vno) and the aircraft was passing through 1436 feet. Some 1 minute 20 seconds prior to the accident the aircraft's engine power was probably reduced to the minimum recommended setting for a descent. During the base turn the engine power was probably increased as the aircraft maintained an essentially constant altitude and airspeed during this turn. At this point the flaps were still retracted and the aircraft was not aligned with the runway. At that moment a heavy shower was obscuring the runway threshold. The first officer was not able to see any approach or runway lights. The aircraft descended until it collided with the water of Manukau Harbour, 1025 m west of the runway 05 threshold.

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The accident was probably caused by the crew being misled, by a visual illusion in conditions of reduced visibility, into believing they were at a safe height and consequently failing to monitor the flight instruments sufficiently to confirm their aircraft maintained a safe approach path."


Aircraft Accident Report No. 79-034 Air New Zealand Manukau Harbour 17 February 1979 Fokker F27-500 Friendship ZK-NFC
Flight International 10 March 1979 (717)
Willem Wendt



photo (c) Brady Wedding; Auckland International Airport (AKL); February 1979

photo (c) Frank Ellemers; Auckland International Airport (AKL); February 1979

Revision history:


The Aviation Safety Network is an exclusive service provided by:
Quick Links:

CONNECT WITH US: FSF on social media FSF Facebook FSF Twitter FSF Youtube FSF LinkedIn FSF Instagram

©2024 Flight Safety Foundation

1920 Ballenger Av, 4th Fl.
Alexandria, Virginia 22314