ASN Aircraft accident Lisunov Li-2 CCCP-L4304 Balkhash Airport (BXH)
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Date:Thursday 30 September 1948
Type:Silhouette image of generic DC3 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Lisunov Li-2
Operator:Aeroflot, Kazakstan Civil Aviation Directorate
Registration: CCCP-L4304
MSN: 18423902
First flight: 1946
Total airframe hrs:2474
Crew:Fatalities: 4 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 11 / Occupants: 11
Total:Fatalities: 15 / Occupants: 15
Aircraft damage: Destroyed
Aircraft fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Location:39 km (24.4 mls) NW of Balkhash Airport (BXH) (   Kazakhstan)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Balkhash Airport (BXH/UAAH), Kazakhstan
Destination airport:Karaganda Airport (KGF/UAKK), Kazakhstan
The Lisunov Li-2 operated on a flight from Alma-Ata to Moscow with en route stops at a.o. Balkhash to Karaganda.
En route to Karaganda the crew probably lost spatial orientation while flying in clouds. The aircraft entered a dive. While recovering from the dive, the airframe was overstressed, causing the right wing to break off. The aircraft crashed in the steppe. The wreckage was found on October 10, 1948.

Wing failure
Loss of control

» Soviet Transports


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Balkhash Airport to Karaganda Airport as the crow flies is 330 km (206 miles).

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Lisunov Li-2

  • ca 5000 built
  • 168th loss
  • 97th fatal accident
  • 14th worst accident (at the time)
  • 26th worst accident (currently)
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  • 2nd worst accident (at the time)
  • 13th worst accident (currently)
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