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Last updated: 7 December 2019
Statuts:
Date:lundi 30 avril 1956
Heure:09:30 UTC
Type/Sous-type:Avro 685 York C.1
Compagnie:Scottish Airlines
Immatriculation: G-AMUL
Numéro de série:
Année de Fabrication: 1946
Moteurs: 4 Rolls-Royce Merlin
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 5
Passagers:victimes: 2 / à bord: 49
Total:victimes: 2 / à bord: 54
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:London-Stansted Airport (STN) (   Royaume Uni)
Phase de vol: Au décollage (TOF)
Nature:Charter International
Aéroport de départ:London-Stansted Airport (STN/EGSS), Royaume Uni
Aéroport de destination:Malta-Luqa Airport (MLA/LMML), Malte
Détails:
The Avro York was being used to carry RAF personnel and their families to Habbaniyah (Iraq) via Malta. The main runway at Stansted was closed due to reconstruction work. A temporary runway parallel (5700 feet long) to the main runway was composed of the former taxiway with the addition of a strip on either side. During the takeoff run, at 300yds down the runway, the aircraft made a violent swing to the right. The captain decided to abort and closed the throttles; the no. 1 throttle, which was not fully closed, was pulled back by the first officer. The aircraft then ran off the side of the runway at a speed of about 45 knots. When it crossed a drain located 25 feet from the side of the runway, the undercarriage collapsed.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "An over-correction of the portward course of the aircraft possibly accompanied by some application of the starboard brake caused the aircraft to swing starboard off the runway and to encounter the 'French' drain with the resulting failure of the undercarriage. The over-correction by the pilot, whether or not accompanied by some application of the starboard brake, should be termed a grave error of judgement and skill rather than a wrongful act or default."

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest No.8, Circular 54-AN/49 (78-81)


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre London-Stansted Airport et Malta-Luqa Airport est de 2093 km (1308 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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