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Last updated: 6 July 2020
Statuts:
Date:dimanche 10 mars 1957
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic M404 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Martin 4-0-4
Compagnie:Eastern Air Lines
Immatriculation: N453A
Numéro de série: 14144
Année de Fabrication:
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 3
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 31
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 34
Dégats de l'appareil: Perte Totale
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Louisville-Standiford Field, KY (SDF) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Indianapolis-Weir Cook Municipal Airport, IN (IND/KIND), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Louisville-Standiford Field, KY (SDF/KSDF), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Détails:
The Eastern Air Lines Martin 4-0-4 took off from Indianapolis at 11:05 for a flight to Louisville. The cruising altitude of 5000 feet was maintained somewhat longer to give the stewardess more time in smooth air to remove the luncheon trays. The co-pilot then started to descend to 2000 feet. After turning for finals for runway 11 the captain saw that the aircraft was too high and reduced power further (the throttles were pulled fully back) and the co-pilot lowered the flaps to full down. At about 1000-1500 feet the captain took over control and nosed down sharply, maintaining an airspeed of about 100 knots. Over the threshold, at about 100 feet, the captain tried to flare. The aircraft attained a nose-up attitude, but continued to descend fast. The aircraft struck the runway on its main gear, causing the left wing to separate inboard of the no. 1 engine. The remainder of the aircraft half rolled to an inverted position. Just one passenger was injured seriously.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The captain's faulty landing approach technique, resulting in an excessively high rate of sink at the instant of touchdown imposing load beyond the design strength of the wing structure."

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest No.9, Circular 56-AN/51 (72-75)


Photos

photo of Martin-4-0-4-N453A
accident date: 10-03-1957
type: Martin 4-0-4
registration: N453A
 

Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Indianapolis-Weir Cook Municipal Airport, IN et Louisville-Standiford Field, KY est de 177 km (111 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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