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Last updated: 14 July 2020
Status:Final
Date:Wednesday 20 April 1960
Time:13:06
Type:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild F-27
Operator:Piedmont Airlines
Registration: N2704R
C/n / msn: 17
First flight:
Crew:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 4
Passengers:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 36
Total:Fatalities: 0 / Occupants: 40
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 4
Aircraft damage: Substantial
Aircraft fate: Repaired
Location:near Hickory Airport, NC (HKY) (   United States of America)
Phase: Approach (APR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY (CVG/KCVG), United States of America
Destination airport:Hickory Airport, NC (HKY/KHKY), United States of America
Narrative:
A Cessna 310 (N1807H) and a Piedmont Airlines Fairchild F-27 (N2704R) were involved in a midair oollision at while both were making the final approach for landing in VFR conditions to Hickory Airport, NC, USA.
The accident occurred approximately one-fourth mile from the approach end of runway 19 at an altitude of between 100 and 150 feet. Subsequent to the collision the damaged F-27 was landed without further incident; however, the Cessna crashed out of control and all four occupants received fatal injuries. The Hickory Airport does not have a control tower; however, the airport is served by an FAA Flight Service Station, which had established communications with the Cessna. Piedmon maintained a radio located on the airport which provided the same assistance as the FSS for company flights and had an interphone connection with the FSS. The F27 was on a scheduled flight from Cincinnati, Ohio to Fayetteville, North Carolina with an en route stop at Hickory. At 12:54 hour local time the pilot made an in-range report to the company radio, over a location approximately 23 miles north-west of the airport. Thereafter, an approximate 500 to 600 feet per minute rate of descent from 7,500 feet was established at an airspeed of 170 knots to the base leg of the landing approach. The landing check list was completed just after the turn onto final approach and the aircraft descended to an altitude of between 100 and 150 feet at an airspeed of 100 knots when the company radio advised the flight that there was "an aircraft right off the runway". The pilots were unable to observe the reported aircraft and in reply to their query were told "runway 19 - it looks like he is right behind you - you had better go around". An immediate go-around was ordered and the first officer retracted the gear as the captain started to advance power; however, the impact occurred before an appreciable amount of power could be added. The aircraft responded normally to control and the gear was immediately returned to the down-position and the aircraft was landed safely.
The pilot of the Cessna, commercial rating, age 37, with 2250 total hours, 130 in multiengine aircraft, was completing an IFR flight from Grand Rapids, Michigan. At 12:46 he had reported over a point 54 miles NNW of Hickory at 12,000 feet at which time he requested descent clearance which was granted. At 12:56 he cancelled his instrument flight plan and proceeded VFR to Hickory. The flight path of the Cessna thereafter was not established until it was observed approximately 3 miles ENE of the approach end of runway 19 at Hickory. At 13:02 the pilot called the Hickory FSS and advised he was in the Hickory area and requested the wind directions. This information was furnished and the pilot was advised of no reported traffic in the area. Approximately one minute later the Piedmont agent called the FSS on the interphone and advised that the F-27 was inbound and requested traffic. He was informed the Cessna was the only reported traffic. Immediately thereafter unsuccessful attempts by the FSS were made to contact the Cessna. According to ground witnesses both of the aircraft appeared to be in straight flight on a southerly heading and descending toward the airport until the collision occurred. According to the witnesses during the final approach the Cessna was at all times above and slightly to the rear of the F-27 descending at a steep angle. The Cessna struck the left propeller of the F-27 careered from the left wing and the vertical fin and fell nearly vertically to the ground.

Classification:
Mid air collision
Forced landing on runway

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Airport, KY to Hickory Airport, NC as the crow flies is 464 km (290 miles).

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