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Last updated: 28 July 2021
Statuts:Enquête Officielle
Date:jeudi 1 mars 1962
Heure:10:08:49
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B701 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 707-123B
Compagnie:American Airlines
Immatriculation: N7506A
Numéro de série: 17633/12
Année de Fabrication: 1959
Heures de vol:8147
Moteurs: 4 Pratt & Whitney JT3D-1-MC6
Equipage:victimes: 8 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 87 / à bord: 87
Total:victimes: 95 / à bord: 95
Dégats de l'appareil: Détruit
Conséquences: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Lieu de l'accident:Jamaica Bay, NY (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: En montée initiale (ICL)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY (IDL/KIDL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Los Angeles International Airport, CA (LAX/KLAX), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol: AA1
Détails:
The American Airlines Boeing 707, named "Flagship District of Columbia", was cleared for takeoff at 10:05 on a scheduled domestic non-stop IFR flight to Los Angeles, California. The aircraft carried out what appeared to be a normal takeoff, and lift-off was at 10:07 hours about 5000 ft down runway 31L. At 10:07:37 the aircraft started a gentle turn to the left approximately 8000 ft down the runway, at an altitude of 100 ft, and was established on a heading of 290° at 10:07:42. Straightening out from the turn, the aircraft continued to climb for several seconds on a heading of 290° and started a second turn to the left as instructed by Departure Control. These manoeuvres were in accordance with the noise abatement procedures then in effect for taking-off from runway 31L. Having started the second turn, the angle of bank increased until the aircraft rolled through 90° of bank at a peak altitude of about 1600 ft msl . It then entered an inverted, nose-low attitude and plunged earthward in a nearly vertical dive. It struck the earth in the shallow waters of Pumpkin Patch Channel of Jamaica Bay during low tide. Impact was at an angle of approximately 78° nose down on a magnetic heading of 300°. Fire broke out a few minutes later.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "A rudder control system malfunction, producing yaw, sideslip, and roll leading to a loss of control from which recovery action was not effective."

Sources:
» ICAO Accident Digest No.14 Volume II, Circular 71-AN/63 (22-35)


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Plan
Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre New York-Idlewild International Airport, NY et Los Angeles International Airport, CA est de 3947 km (2467 miles).
Accident location: Exact; deduced from official accident report.

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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