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Last updated: 28 October 2020
Status:Schlussbericht
Datum:Montag 23 Juli 1973
Zeit:17:43
Flugzeugtyp:Silhouette image of generic F27 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Fairchild FH-227B
Fluggesellschaft:Ozark Air Lines
Kennzeichen: N4215
Werknummer: 513
Baujahr: 1966
Betriebsstunden:14300
Triebwerk: 2 Rolls-Royce Dart 532-7
Besatzung:Todesopfer: 1 / Insassen: 3
Fluggäste:Todesopfer: 37 / Insassen: 41
Gesamt:Todesopfer: 38 / Insassen: 44
Sachschaden: Zerstört
Konsequenzen: Written off (damaged beyond repair)
Unfallort:3,7 km (2.3 Meilen) SE of Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO (STL) (   USA)
Flugphase: Annäherung (APR)
Betriebsart:Inländischer planmäßiger Passagierflug
Flug von:Marion-Williamson County Airport, IL (MWA/KMWA), USA
Flug nach:Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO (STL/KSTL), USA
Flugnummer: 809
Unfallbericht:
Ozark Air Lines Flight 809, an FH-227B, was a regular flight between Nashville Metropolitan Airport, TN (BNA) and St. Louis (STL), with intermediate stops at Clarksville, TN (CKV), Paducah, KY (PAH), Cape Girardeau Airport, MO (CGI) and Marion-Williamson County Airport, IL (MWA) with an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan.
The flight departed Marion at 17:05. The flight proceeded via the V-335 airway toward St. Louis without difficulty. At 17:26, the Kansas City Air Route Traffic Control Center (KCC) controller requested that Flight 809 make a 360 degree turn to the right. He advised that there would be about a 5-minute delay and that the right turn would keep the flight clear of the weather.
At 17:28, the KCC controller cleared the flight to proceed to the St. Louis VOR and to contact St. Louis Approach Control. One minute later the first officer transmitted, "Approach, this is Ozark eight oh nine, seven thousand, with Quebec." Weather information 'Quebec' indicated: Estimated ceiling-4,000 feet broken, visibility-5 miles, haze
and smoke, wind-120° at 8 knots , temperature-92 degrees, altimeter-30.06, ILS runway 12R approaches in use, landing and departing runways 12. The approach controller responded: "Ozark eight oh nine, Roger, maintain seven thousand and, ... continue toward the VOR, be vectors runway three zero left ILS." Between 17:32 and 17:39, the approach controller gave Flight 809 radar vectors through an area of thunderstorm cells that lay south and southeast of the St. Louis Airport. At 17:40, the controller cleared the flight for an ILS approach to runway 30L and cleared the flightcrew to contact the St. Louis Control Tower. The Tower controller cleared the flight to land.
At 17:42:31, the local controller said, "Ozark eight oh nine, it looks like a heavy rain shower moving right across the approach end of the runway now." The first officer replied, "Roger, we see it."
After passing the Outer Marker, the aircraft began to descend below the glide slope until it struck the ground.
First, the aircraft struck tree tops about 55 feet above the ground. It continued and struck the ground on a hillside near Lowen Drive in Normandy, Missouri--a suburb of St. Louis.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "The aircraft's encounter with a downdraft following the captain's decision to initiate and continue an instrument approach into a thunderstorm. The captain's decision probably was influenced by the lack of a timely issuance of a severe weather warning by the National Weather Service, and the improper assessment of the weather conditions in the terminal area by the flight crew and the flight dispatcher."

Accident investigation:
cover
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 275 days (9 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-74-05
Download report: Final report


Sicherheitsempfehlungen

NTSB issued 6 Safety Recommendations

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Map
This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Marion-Williamson County Airport, IL to Saint Louis-Lambert International Airport, MO as the crow flies is 160 km (100 miles).
Accident location: Exact; as reported in the official accident report.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Fairchild FH-227

  • 78 built
  • 7th loss
  • 7th Fataler Unfall
  • The worst accident (Zu diesem Zeitpunkt)
  • 3rd worst accident (Momentan)
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 USA
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  • 89th worst accident (Momentan)
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