Crash-aerien 12 NOV 1975 d'un Boeing 727-225 N8838E - Raleigh/Durham Airport, NC (RDU)
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Statuts:Accident investigation report completed and information captured
Date:mercredi 12 novembre 1975
Type/Sous-type:Silhouette image of generic B722 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Boeing 727-225
Compagnie:Eastern Air Lines
Immatriculation: N8838E
Numéro de série: 20381/823
Année de Fabrication: 1970-02-07 (5 years 9 months)
Heures de vol:15969
Moteurs: 3 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-7
Equipage:victimes: 0 / à bord: 8
Passagers:victimes: 0 / à bord: 131
Total:victimes: 0 / à bord: 139
Dégats de l'appareil: Substantiels
Conséquences: Repaired
Lieu de l'accident:Raleigh/Durham Airport, NC (RDU) (   Etats-Unis d'Amérique)
Phase de vol: A l'atterrissage (LDG)
Nature:Transport de Passagers Nat.
Aéroport de départ:Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, GA (ATL/KATL), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Aéroport de destination:Raleigh/Durham Airport, NC (RDU/KRDU), Etats-Unis d'Amérique
Numéro de vol:EA576
Eastern Air Lines Flight 576 struck the ground about 282 feet short of runway 23 at the Raleigh-Durham Airport, North Carolina, bounced and touched down on the runway, then slid to a stop off the right side of the runway 4,150 feet past the runway threshold. The accident occurred during an instrument landing system approach when the airplane encountered unexpectedly heavy rain while 100 feet above the ground. The airplane was damaged substantially. Of the 139 persons aboard the airplane, eight were injured; one was injured seriously.
On May 19, 1976, the National Transportation Safety Board adopted the accident report and probable cause of the accident. The NTSB had concluded that the accident was caused by "the pilot's failure to execute a missed approach when he lost sight of the runway environment in heavy rain below decision height."
On October 3, 1978, the Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) submitted a petition for reconsideration of probable cause. As a result of this petition, the accident report and the probable cause were revised as the NTSB concluded that wind shear was involved in the accident.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: "An encounter with heavy rain and associated downdrafts and wind shear during the final stages of landing when the airplane was less than 100 feet above the ground. The sudden onset of the meteorological conditions did not allow sufficient time for the captain to perceive and react to the effect of the downdraft and wind shear on the airplane's performance to stop the airplane's increased rate of descent and for the airplane to respond before striking the ground short of the runway."

Accident investigation:
Investigating agency: NTSB
Status: Investigation completed
Duration: 189 days (6 months)
Accident number: NTSB/AAR-83/06
Download report: Final report

Opérations de secours

NTSB issued 2 Safety Recommendations

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Ce plan montre l'aéroport de départ ainsi que la supposée destination du vol. La ligne fixe reliant les deux aéroports n'est pas le plan de vol exact.
La distance entre Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport, GA et Raleigh/Durham Airport, NC est de 568 km (355 miles).

Les informations ci-dessus ne représentent pas l'opinion de la 'Flight Safety Foundation' ou de 'Aviation Safety Network' sur les causes de l'accident. Ces informations prélimimaires sont basées sur les faits tel qu'ils sont connus à ce jour.
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