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Last updated: 6 July 2020
Date:Thursday 9 September 1976
Type:Silhouette image of generic AN24 model; specific model in this crash may look slightly different
Antonov An-24RV
Operator:Aeroflot / Belarus
Registration: CCCP-46518
C/n / msn: 37308504
First flight: 1973
Engines: 2 Ivchenko AI-24VT
Crew:Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5
Passengers:Fatalities: 41 / Occupants: 41
Total:Fatalities: 46 / Occupants: 46
Collision casualties:Fatalities: 18
Aircraft damage: Damaged beyond repair
Location:37 km (23.1 mls) S off Anapa [Black Sea] (   Russia)
Phase: En route (ENR)
Nature:Domestic Scheduled Passenger
Departure airport:Donetsk Airport (DOK/UKCC), Ukraine
Destination airport:Adler/Sochi Airport (AER/URSS), Russia
Aeroflot Flight 31, a Yakovlev 40 (CCCP-87772) on its way to Kerch, had been cleared to FL187. This altitude however, was intended for the reciprocal track. The Yakovlev collided head-on with the Antonov 24 which was on its way to Sochi. The wreckage sank in water, 1500-1600 feet deep.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: Violation of separation rules. Contributing causes were insufficient visual alertness on the part of both crews and a lack of 'situation analysis' based on air/ground radio communications.

Mid air collision
Loss of control

» Aviation Disasters / D. Gero
» Soviet Transports


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This map shows the airport of departure and the intended destination of the flight. The line between the airports does not display the exact flight path.
Distance from Donetsk Airport to Adler/Sochi Airport as the crow flies is 538 km (336 miles).
Accident location: Approximate; accuracy within a few kilometers.

This information is not presented as the Flight Safety Foundation or the Aviation Safety Network’s opinion as to the cause of the accident. It is preliminary and is based on the facts as they are known at this time.
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Antonov An-24

  • 1332 built
  • 58th loss
  • 34th fatal accident
  • 7th worst accident (at the time)
  • 15th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile

  • 25th worst accident (at the time)
  • 55th worst accident (currently)
» safety profile